Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films pp 253-335 | Cite as

# Electronic Surface States

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## Abstract

The existence of electronic surface states is demonstrated by a simple model calculation for an arrangement of semi-infinite chains of atoms. It is shown, how the extrapolation to a three-dimensional crystal with surface leads to surface state dispersion curves in reciprocal space. The charging character of surface states is explained as well as the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic states. After discussing all essential aspects of photoemission spectroscopy as the most important technique for the study of surface states examples for important metal and semiconductor classes both obtained from experiment and from theory are presented. A special section is devoted to the effect of spin-orbit coupling on surface states. In this context also topologically protected surface states on topological insulators are discussed.

## Keywords

Surface State Topological Insulator Electronic Band Structure Dirac Point Dirac Cone## Supplementary material

## References

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