Future Directions: Alternative Circles of Support and Accountability Models and Minority Groups

  • Kerensa Hocken
  • Claire Good
  • Helen Elliott
  • Carrie Webb
  • Helen O’Connor
  • Kim Cox
Part of the Sexual Crime book series (SEXCR)


This chapter is split into two sections. The first will focus on the different models of Circles of Support and Accountability (CoSA), some already introduced around the world and others are theoretically driven considerations of how the CoSA model could be shaped. This includes considering psychologically informed Circles, specifically focusing on the attachment needs of individuals convicted of sexual crime as well as Circles for non-offending individuals in the community who are concerned about their sexual thoughts or behaviour. These models will be discussed in conjunction with theory and empirical findings that support their foundations. Part two of this chapter will explore how CoSA can work for certain minority groups, including transgender and deaf individuals. Discussion of how the Circle might look, client specific considerations and volunteer selection and training necessary for working with these groups will be explored. Finally, some conclusions will be drawn about the future of CoSA.


Future directions for CoSA Minority groups Attachment Prevention Practical implications 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kerensa Hocken
    • 1
  • Claire Good
    • 2
  • Helen Elliott
    • 3
  • Carrie Webb
    • 4
  • Helen O’Connor
    • 5
  • Kim Cox
    • 5
  1. 1.HMPPS WhattonWhattonUK
  2. 2.Safer Living Foundation, Visits CentreNottinghamUK
  3. 3.Bishop Grosseteste UniversityLincolnUK
  4. 4.Circles South EastDidcot, OxfordUK
  5. 5.HMPPS Midlands Psychology ServiceWhatton, NottinghamUK

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