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Biomimetics and Innovation

  • Arnim von GleichEmail author
  • Christian Pade
  • Ulrich Petschow
  • Eugen Pissarskoi
Chapter
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Abstract

In the discussions about the capacity for innovation and technological change, the importance of institutional factors was strongly emphasized. The concept of innovation systems, within which these processes of change take place, combines aspects of evolution as well as institutional economics (see, e.g., Edqvist 2001; Freeman 1987; Lundvall 1992; Nelson 1993). The focus on innovation systems and their framework requirements, that is, on the complex interplay of the stakeholders, with numerous recursion loops, was closely related to the rejection of linear phase models of the innovation process. Empirical comparisons have shown that institutional settings and stakeholder networks can differ among different economies and that this can have an impact on the macroeconomic success of innovation. Freeman (1987, 1) defined national innovation systems (NIS) as “the network of institutions in the public and private sectors whose activities and interactions initiate, import, modify and diffuse new technologies.”

Keywords

Solar Cell Innovation System Innovation Process Path Dependency Organic Solar Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arnim von Gleich
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Pade
    • 2
  • Ulrich Petschow
    • 2
  • Eugen Pissarskoi
    • 2
  1. 1.FB 4 Produktionstechnik, FG 10 Technik Gestaltung und Technologie EntwicklungUniversität BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Ökologische Wirtschaftsforschung (IÖW)BerlinGermany

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