The Making of IAF
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The early 1990s of the previous century saw several new technologies maturing and waiting to be applied all in one go: Local networks, relational databases, graphical user interfaces, the object-oriented programming paradigm. The market Capgemini was in demanded that this increased complexity had to be dealt with, in short delivery cycles. Capgemini initiated the ‘Snowball’ program and staffed it with an international team who put their experiences together, with the initial focus on an iterative development method thought to replace the traditional waterfall delivery models. This lead to Capgemini’s rapid development method, IAD, embedded in an engagement approach called Client/Server Delivery Framework (CSDF). The Snowball trainings became famous for their new approach, and Capgemini’s University became the home ground for the Snowball team doing these trainings. However, in several engagements, experience was that delivery speed was not all: the solutions delivered required better integration in the clients’ IT landscape than the ‘A-teams’ could provide, addressing diverse issues like manageability, security and data integration.