Basics of Fluid Mechanics and Convective Heat Transfer
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In this chapter we present basics of fluid mechanics which include concept of fluid, important fluid properties, different methods of flow visualization, difference between Eulerian and lagrangian approaches, between integral and differential treatments. We present differential equations for the conservation of mass, momentum and energy and the corresponding boundary conditions. We also introduce the reader to convective heat transfer. The chapter concludes with two examples of flow normal to an infinite circular cylinder and convective heat transfer from a heated tube surface to a cold fluid flowing axially within the tube.