Hydrogen Sulphide Zone in the Open Black Sea: Mechanisms of Formation, Evolution, Dynamics and Present State

  • Dmitry Ya FashchukEmail author
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


According to present ideas about the history of our planet, 400 million years ago the fourth in succession of Monogaea (2.6 billion years ago), Megagaea (1.8 billion years ago.) and Mesogaea–Rodinia (1 billion л.н.) supercontinent Pangaea (from the Greek meaning “all land”), or Wegener’s Land, has split into two near the equator. As a result, two continents were formed: Gondwana included Africa, Hindustan, Antarctica, Australia and the South America, in the south, and the Northern continent which initially represented the underwater margin (shelf) of Pangaea. About 280 million year ago, having risen above the sea surface, it formed Laurasia separated from Gondwana by the ancient Tethys Ocean (Sorokhtin and Ushakov 2002).


Hydrogen Sulfide Cyclonic Circulation Anaerobic Zone Cold Intermediate Layer Hydrogen Sulfide Oxidation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of ScienceMoscowRussia

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