Advertisement

Seasonal Hydrogen Sulfide Zones of the Northwestern Black Sea Shelf: Nature, Dynamics, Prediction

  • Dmitry Ya FashchukEmail author
Chapter
  • 622 Downloads
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

In September, 1973 the expedition of the Odessa Branch of Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas (OdO INBYUM) has found for the first time mass kill of benthic organisms between mouths of the Kiliya arm of the Danube and Dniester estuary on the area of 3,500 km2 with depths from 10 to 20 m (Salsky 1977). The number of dead hydrobionts during this period reached 500 thousand tons. Thus, in the Zhebriyansk bay adjoining the Danube, near the coast there was a large concentration of half dead passive bottom fish. Since then the similar events which were named “suffocation”, during the summer—autumn period (from June to September) after offshore storms (under northerlies) are repeated from 4 to 10 times, being accompanied with “outbursts” of waters with unusual claybank color and hydrogen sulfide smell to the surface in the coastal zone (Fashchuk 1981). Near-bottom water, fishing gears, devices and ground lifted in the same time from the sea bottom on the open shelf sites at large distance from the coast have the similar smell

Keywords

Hydrogen Sulfide Anaerobic Zone Hypoxia Zone Water Hypoxia Oxygen Regime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Agatova AI, Sapozhnikov VV, Torgunova NI (1989) New data on biohydrochemistry of organic matter in the Black Sea. Doklady AN SSSR (Contributions of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR), vol 309, no. 3, pp 706–710 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Aizatulin TA (1979) Hydrochemical features of the Cariaco Basin. In: Oceanology. The chemistry of the ocean, vol 1, Moscow, Nauka, pp 323–324 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. Aleksandrova ZV, Bronfman AM (1975) Nutrient exchange in the water-bottom system and its role in formation of chemical bases of the Azov Sea productivity. Oceanology 15(I):75–82 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Altman EN, Gertman IF, Golubeva ZA (1988) The long-term changes in salinity and water temperature of the Black Sea under the change in river runoff (according to field observations). Trudy GOIN (Proceedings of the State Oceanographic Institute), 189, pp 39–54 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. Atlas Oceanographic (1982) Hydrological and hydrochemical study in the Marine Zone of the Danube Mouths. Bucuresti, Romania, 155 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Atsikhovskaya Zh D, Tolmazin DM (1970) Currents of the northwestern Black Sea. Collection of papers of BGMO CHAM, Leningrad, 8, pp 3–21 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. Belyaev VI, Konduforova NV (1990) Mathematical modeling of shelf ecological systems. Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 240 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. Berlinsky NA (1989) Formation mechanism of near-bottom hypoxia in shelf ecosystems. Vodnye Resursy (Water Res), 4:112–121 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. Berlinsky NA, Dykhanov Yu M (1991) To the problem on formation of near-bottom hypoxia in the northwestern Black Sea. Ekologiya Morya (Ecol Sea) 38:11–15 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. Berlinsky NA, Bogatova Yu I, Garkavaya GP (2001) On development of hypoxia in the northwestern Black Sea in the present period. In: Scientific proceedings. Series: biology. Special edition: Hydroecology, no. 4 (15), Ternopol Pedagogical University, Ternopol, pp 114–116 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Berlinsky NA, Garkavaya GP, Bogatova Yu I (2003) Problems of anthropogenic eutrophication and hypoxia development in the northwestern Black Sea. Ekologiya Morya (Ecol Sea) 63:17–22 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Berlinsky NA, Kosarev AN, Garkavaya GP (2004) Influence of the Danube runoff on ecological conditions of the northwestern Black Sea. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta (Herald of the Moscow University), series: geography, no. 5, pp 17–21 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. Bodenau N, Uzurelu M (1978) Diniflagelate blooms in Romania Black Sea coastel waters. In: Toxic dinoflagelate blooms, New York, pp 151–154Google Scholar
  14. Bryantsev VA (1981) The Richardson number as an indicator of intensity of oxygen penetration into deep layers of the Black Sea. Oceanology 21(4):624–627 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. Bryantsev VA, Fashchuk D Ya (1979) Causes of Black Sea suffocations and possibilities of their prevention. Abstracts of the V all-union conference “problems of fishery oceanography of the world ocean”, Kaliningrad, pp 23–25 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  16. Bryantsev VA, Fashchuk D Ya, Finkelshtein MS (1984) Anthropogenic changes in oceanographic characteristics of the Black Sea. In: The oceanological and fishery research in the Black Sea. VNIRO, Moscow, pp 3–19 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  17. Chen C-C, Gong G-C, Shiah F-K (2007) Hypoxia in the East China Sea: one of the largest coastal low-oxygen areas in the world. Mar Environ Res 64:399–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Denisova AI, Nakhshina KP, Zhuravleva LA et al (1974) Abstracts of the 1st all-union conference on anthropogenic eutrophication of natural waters, Chernogolovka, p 75 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  19. Diaz RJ (2001) Overview of hypoxia around the world. Mar Environ Qual 30(2):275–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dobrzhanskaya MA (1959) The character of vertical oxygen distribution in the upper 100-m layer of the central Black Sea, depending on season. Trudy Sevastopolskoi Biologicheskoi Stantsii (Proceedings of the Sevastopol biological station), vol 2, pp 284–296 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  21. Dvoretsky AI, Tsegelnik LI, Murzina TA et al (2001) Present hydroecological state of the Dnieper Reservoir under the influence of anthropogenic factors. In: Scientific proceedings. series: biology. special edition: hydroecology. Ternopol Pedagogical University, Ternopol, no. 3 (14), pp 49–50 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  22. Dyatlov SE, Petrosyan AG (2001) Toxic diagnostics of pollution of the Ukrainian area of the Danube River by cyanides and heavy metals in spring, 2000. In: Scientific proceedings, series: biology, special edition: hydroecology, no. 4 (15), Ternopol Pedagogical University, Ternopol, pp 127–128 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  23. Fashchuk D Ya (1985) Oxygen regime of near-bottom water layer of the northwestern Black Sea shelf in summer. Hydrobiol J 23(3):45–47 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  24. Fashchuk D Ya (1995) Hydrogen sulfide zone of the northwestern Black Sea shelf: nature, causes of formation, mechanisms of dynamics. Vodnye Resursy (Water Res) 22(5):568–585 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. Fashchuk D Ya (1981) Hydrological preconditions of suffocation events in the Tendra Bay (Black Sea). In: Ecologic and physiological bases of aquaculture in the Black Sea. VNIRO, Moscow, pp 120–126 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. Fashchuk D Ya (1982) Oceanographic preconditions of intensification of near-bottom hypoxia and suffocation events in the northwestern Black Sea. Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Geographical Sciences. GOIN, Moscow, 133 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  27. Fashchuk D Ya (1998) The Black Sea: oceanographic and ecological aspects of the present state. The first international symposium on fisheries and ecology, 2–4 Setember, 1998. Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon/Turkey. Faculty of Marine Science, pp 333–347Google Scholar
  28. Fashchuk D Ya, Sapozhnikov VV (1999) Anthropogenic load on geosystem “sea-watershed” and its consequences for fishery (methods of diagnostics and forecast for the Black Sea). VNIRO, Moscow, 124 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  29. Fashchuk D Ya, Sebakh LK (1984) Contribution of hydrochemical and physical factors to process of hypoxia development on the northwestern shelf of the Black Sea. In: Oceanological and fishery investigations in the Black Sea, Moscow, VNIRO, pp 19–29 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  30. Fashchuk D Ya, Bryantsev VA, Trotsenko BG (1986) Peculiarities of oceanographic regime of the Black Sea under economic activities. In: Anthropogenic Impact on Coastal Marine Ecosysems. Moscow, VNIRO, pp 34–43 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  31. Fashchuk D Ya, Samyshev EZ, Sebakh LK, Shlyakhov VA (1991) Types of anthropogenic impact on the Black Sea ecosystem and its state in present conditions. In: Ecology of the sea. Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 38, pp 19–27 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  32. Fashchuk D Ya, Arkhipov AG, Shlyakhov VA (1995) Concentration of mass commercial fishes of the Black Sea at different stages of ontogenesis and its determining factors. Voprosy Ikhtiologii (Probl Ichthyol) 35(1):34–42 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  33. Flint MV, Arnautov GN, Shushkina EA (1989) Quantitative distribution of jellyfishes Aurelia. In: Structure and productional characteristics of the Black Sea planktonic communities. Nauka, Moscow, pp 222–232Google Scholar
  34. Garkavaya GB, Bogatova Yu I, Bulanaya ZT (1991) The present tendencies in change of hydrochemical conditions of the northwestern Black Sea. In: Variability of the Black Sea ecosystem: natural and anthropogenic factors. Nauka, Moscow, p 299 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  35. Garkavaya GP, Bogatova Yu I, Berlinsky NA (2000) Formation of hydrochemical conditions in the Danube mouth offing. In: Compilation of scientific papers “ecological safety of the coastal and shelf zone and complex exploitation of shelf resources”, Sevastopol, pp 133–140 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  36. Gilbert TR (2001) Seasonal hypoxia in the bottom water off the Mississipi River Delta. Mar Environ Qual 30(2):281–286Google Scholar
  37. Ivanenkov VN, Vinogradov VN, Chernyakova AM (1979) Main regularities of oxygen distribution in the ocean. Oceanology. Chemistry of the ocean, vol 1: chemistry of sea waters. Nauka, Moscow, pp 136–154 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  38. Izmestyeva MA 1983. Hydrochemical regime of dissolved oxygen. In: System analysis and process modeling on the Black Sea Shelf. Sevastopol, MGI, pp 84–92 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  39. Khutorny SA (2001) Mass fish suffocation off the Odessa coast in summer, 2000. In: Scientific proceedings. Series: biology. Special edition: Hydroecology. Ternopol Pedagogical University, Ternopol, no. 4 (15), pp 197–198 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  40. Knipovich NM (1930) Vertical circulation and oxygen distribution in the Black and Caspian Seas. Izvestiya Gidrologicheskogo Instituta (Proceedings of hydrological institute), no. 31, pp 51–72 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  41. Knipovich NM (1932) Hydrological investigations in the Black Sea. Trudy Azovsko-Chernomorskoi Nauchno-Promyslovoi Ekspeditsii (Proceedings of the Azov-Black Sea fishery research expedition), 10, 272 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  42. Korotova LG, Shlychkova VV, Nikanorov AM et al (1998) Content of organochlorine pesticides in surface waters of Russia. Vodnye Resursy (Water Res) 25(1):50–56 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  43. Kovalchuk LA (1985) Statistical analysis of the long-term salinity changes in the surface layer of the Black Sea. Meteorologiya I Gidrologiya (Meteorol Hydrol) 6:118–121 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  44. Kovalchuk LA (1986) To the problem of suffocations in the northwestern Black Sea. Meteorologiya I Gidrologiya (Meteorol Hydrol) 3:73–80 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  45. Kuksa VI (1994) The southern seas under anthropogenic stress. Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 320 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  46. Leonov AV, Aizatulin TA (1987) Kinetics and mechanisms of hydrogen sulfide oxidation in marine environment. Vodnye Resursy (Water Res) 14(1):89–103 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  47. Leonov AV, Aizatulin TA (1995) Mathematical modeling of hydrogen sulfide zone dynamics on shallow site of the Black Sea and analysis of short-term variability of chemical-dynamical characteristics. Vodnye Resursy (Water Res) 22(2):163–178 (in Russia)Google Scholar
  48. Li DJ, Zhang J, Huang DJ, Wu Y, Liang J (2002) Oxygen depletion off the Changjiang (Yangtze River) Estuary. Science in China. Erath China Sci Ser D 45(12):1137–1146Google Scholar
  49. Mitskevich IN, Kuzhinovsky NN, Egorova VN et al (1992) Microbiological activity in water and bottom sediments of the Black Sea. In: Ecology of the coastal zone of the Black Sea. VNIRO, Moscow, pp 174–197 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  50. Nesterova DA (1987) Features of phytoplankton successions in the northwestern Black Sea. Hydrobiol J 23(1):16–21 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  51. Nikolenko AV, Reshetnikov VI (1991) The study of long-term variability of freshwater balance of the Black Sea. Vodnye Resursy (Water Res) 1:20–28 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  52. Novitsky VP (1968) Influence of water dynamics on distribution character of oceanographic indicators of biological productivity and marine organisms in the northwestern Black Sea. Trudy AzCherNIRO (Proceedings of AzCherNIRO), 27, pp 3–17 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  53. Practical Ecology of Marine Regions (1990) The Black Sea. Keondzhyan AP, Kudin AM, Terekhina Yu V (eds) Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 252 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  54. Rabalais NN, Turner RE, Wiseman Jr WJ (2002) Gulf of Mexico hypoxia, a.k.a. “The dead zone”. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 33:235–263Google Scholar
  55. Reiner SF, Fitzhardinge RC (1981) Benthic communities in an estuary with periodic deoxygenation. Austral J Var and Freshwater Res 32(2):227–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Review of Ecological State of the Seas of the Russian Federation and Separate Regions of the World Ocean (1993) Gidrometeoizdat, Moscow, pp 29–30 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  57. Rozhdestvensky AV (1978) Preliminary pollution characteristic of Bulgarian coastal and liman waters. In: Investigations on water dynamics and hydrochemistry of the Black Sea, Pt. 3, Moscow, pp 309–322 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  58. Salsky VA (1977) On mass mussel suffocations in the northwestern Black Sea. In: Biology of the sea, vol 43, pp 33–38 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  59. Samoilenko VN (1990) Anaerobic zones in the Dnieper—Bug Liman ecosystem. In: Abstracts of the all-union conference of young scientists on the state assessment, conservation, and rational exploitation of aquatic ecosystems under the anthropogenic impact. AzNIRKH, Rostov-on-Don, pp 134–135 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  60. Sapozhnikov VV (1992) Present state of the Black Sea ecosystem. In: Water ecology of the coastal Black Sea. VNIRO, Moscow, pp 3–15 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  61. Savin PT, Podplyotnaya NF (1991) Characteristic of oil pollution in coastal zone off Odessa. Abstracts of the 2nd all-union conference on fishery toxicology, Leningrad, November 1991, pp 139–140 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  62. Sazhin AF (1986) Bacterioplankton of the Black Sea in spring 1984. In: Investigation of the Black Sea pelagial ecosystem. Nauka, Moscow, pp 222–224Google Scholar
  63. Sazhin AF, Kopilov AI (1989) Bacterioplankton of the Black Sea open part aerobic zone. In: Structure and productional characteristics of the Black Sea planktonic communities. Nauka, Moscow, pp 122–139Google Scholar
  64. Selin P Yu, Aizatulin TA, Leonov AV, Fashchuk D Ya (1988) Chemical dynamics of hydrogen sulfide zone on the northwestern shelf of the Black Sea. Vodnye Resursy (Water Res) 4:144–153 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  65. Selin P Yu, Mikhailov NN, Volkov NV (1992) Variability of hydrochemical regime of northwestern Black Sea shelf waters. In: Water ecology of the coastal Black Sea. VNIRO, Moscow, pp 59–100 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  66. Shapoval TN, Kuklya IG (2001) Oil product content in water and bottom sediments of the Dnieper reservoirs. In: Scientific proceedings. Series: biology. Special edition: hydroecology. Ternopol Pedagogical University, Ternopol, no. 3 (14), pp 237–239 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  67. Shulgina EF (1961) Hydrochemical characteristic of the northwestern Black Sea by observations in 1956–1958. Trudy GOIN (Proceedings of GOIN), 59, pp 9–57 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  68. Shushkina EA, Arnautov GN (1985) Quantitative distribution of jellyfishes Aurelia and their role in the Black Sea ecosystem. Oceanology 25(1):133–138 (in Russia)Google Scholar
  69. Simonov AI (1969) Hydrology and hydrochemistry of mouth offing. Gidrometeoizdat, Moscow, 230 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  70. Sorokin Yu I (1982) The Black Sea. Nature, resources. Nauka, Moscow, 216 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  71. Sorokin Yu I, Avdeev VA (1991) Bacterium production and bacterial chemosynthesis. In: Variability of the Black Sea ecosystem: Natural and anthropogenic factors. Nauka, Moscow, pp 157–167 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  72. Taft JL, Hartwing ED, Laftus R (1980) Seasonal oxygen depletion in Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries 3(4):242–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Terenko LM, Kurilov AV (2001) “Red tides” in the Odessa Bay of the Black Sea. In: Scientific proceedings. Series: biology. Special edition: hydroecology. Ternopol Pedagogical Unicersity, Ternopol, no. 3 (14), pp 160–162 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  74. The Dniester-Bug estuarian ecosystem (1989) In: Zaitsev Yu P (ed) Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 240 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  75. The Kiliyskaya part of the Danube delta in spring 2000 (2001) Ecosystem state and consequences of technogenic accidents in the basin. In: Aleksandrov BG (ed) Odessa Branch of INBYUM of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 126 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  76. Timoshchuk VI (1977) Regulation of river runoff as a factor of ecological equilibrium of the Black Sea. Biologiya Moray (Biol Sea) 41:36–39 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  77. Tolmazin DM (1977) Hydrological and hydrochemical water structure in hypoxia and suffocation areas of the northwestern shelf of the Black Sea. Biol Morya (Biol Sea) 43:12–17 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  78. Tolmazin DM, Ostrogin AS, Kudryan AP (1977) Analysis of hydrometeorological and hydrochemical factors of hypoxia formation in the Dniester–Danube interstream area. Biol Morya (Biol Sea) 43:7–11 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  79. Torgunova NI (1994) New ideas about organic matter distribution in the Black Sea. Oceanology 34(1):57–61 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  80. Tuchkovenko Yu S, Dotsenko SA (2003) Role of wind coastal upwelling in formation of hypoxia in the Odessa area of the northwestern Black Sea. Ekologiya Morya (Ecol Sea) 63:60–65 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  81. Tumantseva NI (1985) “Red tide” in the Black Sea. Oceanology 25(1):130–132 (in Russia)Google Scholar
  82. Vinogradov ME, Sapozhnikov VV, Shushkina EA (1992) The Black Sea ecosystem. Nauka, Moscow, 112 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  83. Vinogradov ME, Shushkina EA, Vostokov SV et al (2002) Interaction of ctenophore populations Mnemiopsis leidyi and Beroe ovata off the Caucasian coast of the Black Sea. Oceanology 42(5):693–701 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  84. Zaitsev Yu P (1992) Ecological state of the Black Sea shelf zone off the Ukrainian coast. Hydrobiol J 28(4):3–18 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  85. Zaitsev Yu P (1998) Marine hydrobiological investigations of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in the 1990s. Hydrobiol J 34(6):3–21 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  86. Zaitsev Yu P (1976) Present types of anthropogenic impact on marine inhabitants. Abstracts of the III congress of the all-union hydrobiological society, Riga, pp 151–153 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  87. Zaitsev Yu P, Polishchuk LN (1984) Outburst of jellyfish Aurelia aurita (L.) abundance in the Black sea. Sea ecology, Kiev, Naukova Dumka, no. 17, pp 35–46 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  88. Zaitsev Yu P, Bryantsev VA, Fashchuk D Ya et al (1985) Ecosystem of the northwestern shelf of the Black Sea under the anthropogenic impact. In: Anthropogenic eutrophication of natural waters. Materials of the III all-union symposium, September 1983, Chernogolovka, pp 49–72 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  89. Zaitsev Yu P, Garkavaya GP, Nesterova DA et al (1987) The present state of ecosystem of the northwestern Black Sea. In: The present state of the Black Sea ecosystem. Nauka, Moscow, pp 216–230 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  90. Zaitsev Yu P, Polishchuk LN, Nastenko EF et al (1988) Ultrahigh concentrations of Noctiluca miliaris Suriray in neistal of the Black Sea. DAN USSR (Contributions of the academy of sciences of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialistic Republic), series B, no. 10, pp 67–69 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  91. Zenin AA, Zaitseva LA (1989) Characteristic of the present state and forecast of hydrochemical regime of the Danube River. Hydrochem Mater Leningrad Gidrometeoizdat 18:91–107 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  92. Zubov NN (1947) Dynamical oceanology. Gidrometeoizdat, Moscow-Leningrad, 430 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations