Geographic and Ecological Assessment of Coastal Zone on the Russian Black Sea Aquatory as a Region of Mariculture Development

  • Dmitry Ya FashchukEmail author
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


From ancient times the ocean was the major source of food for mankind. Throughout many millennia of existence of our civilization its biological resources were considered as the inexhaustible. In the seventeenth century Dutch scientist–lawyer Hugo Grotius by working on principles of economic development of the World Ocean fondly believed that “the sea cannot be exhausted neither owing to sailing, nor owing to fishing, that is any of ways with which it can be used.” However, soon the world was convinced of an inconsistency of this concept of ocean as “RES COMMUNIS”—things belonging to all. Having killed fur seal stocks in the span of just a few years, in 1911 the heads of leading powers—the USA, Russia, Japan and Great Britain (Canada)—have entered into the first agreement in the history of a marine law on protection of ocean resources.


Fish Farm Pink Salmon Synoptic Eddy Caucasian Coast Marine Fish Farm 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Russian Academy of ScienceInstitute of GeographyMoscowRussia

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