Advertisement

Jets

  • Gustavo E. Romero
  • Gabriela S. Vila
Chapter
  • 2.8k Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 876)

Abstract

Jets are associated with accretion onto black holes in different types of astrophysical sources. This chapter discusses current ideas on the launching, collimation, structure, radiation, and termination of black hole jets.

Keywords

Black Hole Field Line Accretion Disk Magnetic Field Line Lorentz Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. F.A. Aharonian, Very High-Energy Cosmic Gamma Radiation (World Scientific, New Jersey, 2004) Google Scholar
  2. F.A. Aharonian, A.M. Atoyan, Astron. Astrophys. 362, 937 (2000) ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. F.A. Aharonian, A.M. Atoyan, A.M. Nagapetian, Astrofizika 19, 323 (1983) ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. I. Agudo, J.L. Gómez, J.M. Martí, J.M. Ibáñez, A.P. Marscher, A. Alberdi, M.A. Aloy, P.E. Hardee, Astrophys. J. 549, L183 (2001) ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. V. Anguelov, H. Vankov, J. Phys. G, Nucl. Part. Phys. 25, 1755 (1999) ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. A.M. Atoyan, C.D. Dermer, Astrophys. J. 586, 79 (2003) ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. J.M. Bardeen, W.H. Press, S.A. Teukolsky, Astrophys. J. 178, 347 (1972) ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. M.G. Baring, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 235, 51 (1988) ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. M.G. Baring, Astrophys. J. 225, 260 (1989) ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. M.V. Barkov, D.V. Khangulyan, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 421, 1351 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. M.V. Barkov, S.S. Komissarov, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 385, L28 (2008) ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. M.C. Begelman, Astrophys. J. 493, 291 (1998) ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. M.C. Begelman, Z.-H. Li, Astrophys. J. 426, 269 (1994) ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. M.C. Begelman, B. Rudak, M. Sikora, Astrophys. J. 362, 38 (1990) ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. M. Bejger, T. Piran, M. Abramowicz, F. Hakanson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 121101 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. V.S. Berezinskii, S.V. Bulanov, V.A. Dogiel, V.S. Ptuskin, Astrophysics of Cosmic Rays (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1990) Google Scholar
  17. V.S. Beskin, MHD Flows in Compact Astrophysical Objects (Springer, Heidelberg, 2010) Google Scholar
  18. V.S. Beskin, I.V. Kuznetsova, Riv. Nuovo Cimento 115, 179 (2000) MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  19. V.S. Beskin, I.V. Kuznetsova, R.R. Rafikov, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 299, 341 (2008) ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. G.S. Bisnovatyi-Kogan, R.V.E. Lovelace, Astrophys. J. 667, L167 (2007) ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. G.S. Bisnovatyi-Kogan, R.V.E. Lovelace, Astrophys. J. 750, 109 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. R.D. Blandford, in Active Galactic Nuclei, ed. by T.J.-L. Courvoisier, M. Mayor (Springer, Berlin, 1990), p. 161 Google Scholar
  23. R.D. Blandford, A. Königl, Astrophys. J. 232, 34 (1979) ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. R.D. Blandford, D.G. Payne, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 199, 883 (1982) ADSzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  25. R.D. Blandford, R.L. Znajek, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 179, 433 (1977) ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. G.R. Blumenthal, R.J. Gould, Rev. Mod. Phys. 42, 237 (1970) ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. P. Bordas, V. Bosch-Ramon, J.M. Paredes, M. Perucho, Astron. Astrophys. 497, 325 (2009) ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. P. Bordas, V. Bosch-Ramon, M. Perucho, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 412, 1229 (2011) ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. V. Bosch-Ramon, G.E. Romero, J.M. Paredes, Astron. Astrophys. 447, 263 (2006) ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. V. Bosch-Ramon, M. Perucho, P. Bordas, Astron. Astrophys. 528, A89 (2011) ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. V. Bosch-Ramon, M. Perucho, M.V. Barkov, Astron. Astrophys. 539, A69 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. M. Böttcher, R. Schlickeiser, Astron. Astrophys. 325, 866 (1997) ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. A. Ciardi, Jets from young stars IV. Lect. Notes Phys. 793, 31 (2010) ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. J. Contopoulos, Astrophys. J. 450, 616 (1995) ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. S. Corbel, M.A. Nowak, R.P. Fender, A.K. Tzioumis, S. Markoff, Astron. Astrophys. 400, 1007 (2003) ADSGoogle Scholar
  36. E.V. Derishev, F.A. Aharonian, V.V. Kocharovsky, Vl.V. Kocharovsky, Phys. Rev. D 68, 043003 (2003) ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. C.D. Dermer, G. Menon, High-Energy Radiation from Black Holes (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2009) zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  38. C.D. Dermer, R. Schlickeiser, Astrophys. J. 416, 458 (1993) ADSGoogle Scholar
  39. S. Drappeau, S.D. Markoff, P.C. Fragile, in Jets at All Scales, ed. by G.E. Romero, R.A. Sunyaev, T. Belloni. Proceedings of the IAU Symposium, vol. 275 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011), p. 104 Google Scholar
  40. L.O.C. Drury, Rep. Prog. Phys. 46, 973 (1983) ADSGoogle Scholar
  41. S.A.E.G. Falle, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 250, 581 (1991) ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. R.P. Fender, E. Gallo, D. Russell, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 406, 1425 (2010) ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. J. Ferreira, in Star Formation and the Physics of Young Stars, ed. by J. Bouvier, J.-P. Zhan (EDP Sciences, Cambridge, 2002), p. 229 Google Scholar
  44. R.S. Fletcher, T.K. Gaisser, P. Lipari, T. Stanev, Phys. Rev. D 50, 5710 (1994) ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. P.C. Fragile, J. Wilson, M. Rodriguez, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 424, 524 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. E. Gallo, R.P. Fender, G.G. Pooley, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 344, 60 (2003) ADSGoogle Scholar
  47. D. Garofalo, Astrophys. J. 699, 400 (2009) ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. D. Garofalo, D.A. Evans, R.M. Sambruna, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 406, 975 (2010) ADSGoogle Scholar
  49. V.L. Ginzburg, S.I. Syrovatskii, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 3, 297 (1965) ADSGoogle Scholar
  50. P. Goldreich, W.H. Julian, Astrophys. J. 157, 869 (1969) ADSGoogle Scholar
  51. R.J. Gould, G.P. Schréder, Phys. Rev. 155, 1404 (1967) ADSGoogle Scholar
  52. J. Granot, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 421, 2442 (2012a) ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. J. Granot, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 421, 2467 (2012b) ADSGoogle Scholar
  54. J. Granot, S.S. Komissarov, A. Spitkovsky, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 411, 1323 (2011) ADSGoogle Scholar
  55. P.E. Hardee, in Jets at All Scales, ed. by G.E. Romero, R.A. Sunyaev, T. Belloni. Proceedings of the IAU Symposium, vol. 275 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011), p. 41 Google Scholar
  56. P.E. Hardee, J.A. Eilek, Astrophys. J. 735, 61 (2011) ADSGoogle Scholar
  57. P.E. Hardee, A. Rosen, Astrophys. J. 524, 650 (1999) ADSGoogle Scholar
  58. P.E. Hardee, A. Rosen, Astrophys. J. 576, 204 (2002) ADSGoogle Scholar
  59. J. Heyvaerts, C.A. Norman, Astrophys. J. 347, 1055 (1989) MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  60. J. Heyvaerts, C.A. Norman, Astrophys. J. 596, 1240 (2003a) ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. J. Heyvaerts, C.A. Norman, Astrophys. J. 596, 1256 (2003b) ADSGoogle Scholar
  62. R.M. Hjellming, K.J. Johnston, Astrophys. J. 328, 600 (1988) ADSGoogle Scholar
  63. M. Huarte-Espinosa, A. Frank, E. Blackman, in Jets at All Scales, ed. by G.E. Romero, R.A. Sunyaev, T. Belloni. Proceedings of the IAU Symposium, vol. 275 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011), p. 87 Google Scholar
  64. M. Huarte-Espinosa, A. Frank, E.G. Blackman, A. Ciardi, P. Hartigan, S.V. Lebedev, J.P. Chittenden, Astrophys. J. 757, 66 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  65. Y. Kato, M.R. Hayashi, R. Matsumoto, Astrophys. J. 600, 338 (2004a) ADSGoogle Scholar
  66. Y. Kato, S. Mineshige, K. Shibata, Astrophys. J. 605, 307 (2004b) ADSGoogle Scholar
  67. S.R. Kelner, F.A. Aharonian, Phys. Rev. D 78, 034013 (2008) ADSGoogle Scholar
  68. S.R. Kelner, F.A. Aharonian, Phys. Rev. D 82, 099901 (2010) ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. S.R. Kelner, F.A. Aharonian, V.V. Bugayov, Phys. Rev. D 74, id. 034018 (2006) ADSGoogle Scholar
  70. S.R. Kelner, F.A. Aharonian, V.V. Bugayov, Phys. Rev. D 79, 039901 (2009) ADSGoogle Scholar
  71. C.F. Kennel, F.V. Coroniti, Astrophys. J. 283, 694 (1984) ADSGoogle Scholar
  72. E. Kersalé, P.-Y. Longaretti, G. Pelletier, Astron. Astrophys. 363, 1166 (2000) ADSGoogle Scholar
  73. D. Khangulyan, F.A. Aharonian, AIP Conf. Proc. 745, 359 (2005) ADSGoogle Scholar
  74. D. Khangulyan, F. Aharonian, V. Bosch-Ramon, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 383, 467 (2008) ADSGoogle Scholar
  75. S. Koide, K. Shibata, T. Kudoh, D.L. Meier, Science 5560, 1688 (2002) ADSGoogle Scholar
  76. S.S. Komissarov, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 326, L41 (2001) ADSGoogle Scholar
  77. S.S. Komissarov, arXiv:astro-ph/0211141 (2002)
  78. S.S. Komissarov, in Proceedings of the Third International Sakharov Conference on Physics, ed. by A. Semikhatov, V. Zaikin, M. Vasiliev (World Scientific, Moscow, 2003), p. 392 Google Scholar
  79. S.S. Komissarov, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 350, 427 (2004) ADSGoogle Scholar
  80. S.S. Komissarov, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 54, 2503 (2009) ADSGoogle Scholar
  81. S.S. Komissarov, Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 82, 95 (2011) ADSGoogle Scholar
  82. S.S. Komissarov, S.A.E.G. Falle, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 288, 833 (1997) ADSGoogle Scholar
  83. S.S. Komissarov, N. Vlahakis, A. Königl, M.V. Barkov, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 394, 1182 (2009) ADSGoogle Scholar
  84. S.S. Komissarov, N. Vlahakis, A. Königl, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 407, 17 (2010) ADSGoogle Scholar
  85. S.V. Lebedev, A. Ciardi, D. Ampleford, S.N. Bland, S.C. Bott, J.P. Chittenden, G. Hall, J. Rapley, A. Frank, E.G. Blackman, T. Lery, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 361, 97 (2005) ADSGoogle Scholar
  86. H.K. Lee, R.A.M.J. Wijers, G.E. Brown, Phys. Rep. 325, 83 (2000) ADSGoogle Scholar
  87. A. Levinson, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 19, 649 (2010) ADSGoogle Scholar
  88. Z.-H. Li, T. Chiueh, M.C. Begelman, Astrophys. J. 394, 459 (1992) ADSGoogle Scholar
  89. H. Li, R.V.E. Lovelace, J.M. Finn, S.A. Colgate, Astrophys. J. 561, 915 (2001) ADSGoogle Scholar
  90. P. Lii, T.M.M. Romanova, R.V.E. Lovelace, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 420, 2020 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  91. P. Lipari, M. Lusignoli, D. Meloni, Phys. Rev. D 75, 123005 (2007) ADSGoogle Scholar
  92. M.S. Longair, High-Energy Astrophysics, vols. I & II (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994) Google Scholar
  93. P.-Y. Longaretti, Phys. Lett. A 320, 215 (2003) ADSzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  94. R.V.E. Lovelace, D.M. Rothstein, G.S. Bisnovatyi-Kogan, Astrophys. J. 701, 885 (2009) ADSGoogle Scholar
  95. D. Lynden-Bell, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 279, 389 (1996) ADSGoogle Scholar
  96. D. Lynden-Bell, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 341, 1360 (2003) ADSGoogle Scholar
  97. D. Lynden-Bell, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 369, 1167 (2006) ADSGoogle Scholar
  98. D. Lynden-Bell, C. Boily, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 267, 146 (1994) ADSGoogle Scholar
  99. Y. Lyubarsky, Astrophys. J. 698, 1570 (2009) ADSGoogle Scholar
  100. M. Lyutikov, Phys. Rev. E 82, 056305 (2010a) ADSGoogle Scholar
  101. M. Lyutikov, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 411, 422 (2010b) ADSGoogle Scholar
  102. M. Lyutikov, M. Lister, Astrophys. J. 722, 197 (2010) ADSGoogle Scholar
  103. A. Mastichiadis, R.J. Protheroe, J.G. Kirk, Astrophys. J. 433, 765 (2005) ADSGoogle Scholar
  104. L. Maximon, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 72B, 79 (1968) Google Scholar
  105. J.E. McClintock, R. Narayan, S.W. Davis, L. Gou, A. Kullkarni, J.A. Orosz, R.F. Penna, R.A. Remillard, J.F. Steiner, Class. Quantum Gravity 28, 114009 (2011) ADSGoogle Scholar
  106. J.C. McKinney, Astrophys. J. 630, L5 (2005) ADSGoogle Scholar
  107. J.C. McKinney, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 367, 1797 (2006) ADSGoogle Scholar
  108. J.C. McKinney, C.F. Gammie, Astrophys. J. 611, 977 (2004) ADSGoogle Scholar
  109. J.C. McKinney, R. Narayan, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 375, 531 (2007) ADSGoogle Scholar
  110. D.L. Meier, in Jets at All Scales, ed. by G.E. Romero, R.A. Sunyaev, T.M. Belloni. Proceedings of the IAU Symposium, vol. 275 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011), p. 13 Google Scholar
  111. A. Merloni, S. Heinz, T. Di Matteo, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 345, 1057 (2003) ADSGoogle Scholar
  112. P. Mészáros, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 40, 137 (2002) Google Scholar
  113. F.C. Michel, Astrophys. J. 158, 727 (1969) ADSGoogle Scholar
  114. P. Mimica, M.A. Aloy, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 401, 525 (2010) ADSGoogle Scholar
  115. Y. Mizuno, S. Yamada, S. Koide, K. Shibata, Astrophys. J. 606, 395 (2004) ADSGoogle Scholar
  116. Y. Mizuno, P.E. Hardee, K. Nishikawa, Astrophys. J. 662, 835 (2007) ADSGoogle Scholar
  117. Y. Mizuno, Y. Lyubarsky, K. Nishikawa, P.E. Hardee, Astrophys. J. 700, 684 (2009) ADSGoogle Scholar
  118. Y. Mizuno, P.E. Hardee, K. Nishikawa, Astrophys. J. 734, 19 (2011) ADSGoogle Scholar
  119. Y. Mizuno, Y. Lyubarsky, K. Nishikawa, P.E. Hardee, Astrophys. J. 757, 16 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  120. R. Moderski, M. Sikora, P.S. Coppi, F.A. Aharonian, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 363, 954 (2005) ADSGoogle Scholar
  121. A. Mücke, R. Engel, J.P. Rachen, R.J. Protheroe, T. Stanev, Comput. Phys. Commun. 124, 290 (2000) ADSzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  122. M. Nakamura, H. Li, S. Li, Astrophys. J. 652, 1059 (2006) ADSGoogle Scholar
  123. M. Nakamura, H. Li, S. Li, Astrophys. J. 656, 721 (2007) ADSGoogle Scholar
  124. M. Nakamura, I.L. Tregillis, H. Li, S. Li, Astrophys. J. 686, 843 (2008) ADSGoogle Scholar
  125. R. Narayan, J.E. McClintock, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 419, L69 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  126. I.D. Novikov, K.S. Thorne, in Black Holes, ed. by C. DeWitt, B. DeWitt (Gordon and Breach, Paris, 1973), p. 343 Google Scholar
  127. M. Perucho, Int. J. Mod. Phys. Conf. Ser. 8, 241 (2012) Google Scholar
  128. M. Perucho, V. Bosch-Ramon, Astron. Astrophys. 539, A57 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  129. M. Perucho, J.M. Martí, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 382, 526 (2007) ADSGoogle Scholar
  130. M. Perucho, I. Martí-Vidal, A.P. Lobanov, P.E. Hardee, Astron. Astrophys. 545, A65 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  131. T. Piran, Rev. Mod. Phys. 76, 1143 (2004) ADSGoogle Scholar
  132. P. Polko, D.L. Meier, S. Markoff, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 428, 587 (2013) ADSGoogle Scholar
  133. O. Porth, C. Fendt, Astrophys. J. 709, 1100 (2010) ADSGoogle Scholar
  134. B. Punsly, Black Hole Gravitohydromagnetics (Springer, Berlin, 2001) zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  135. B. Punsly, F.V. Coronity, Astrophys. J. 350, 518 (1990a) ADSGoogle Scholar
  136. B. Punsly, F.V. Coronity, Astrophys. J. 354, 583 (1990b) ADSGoogle Scholar
  137. B.A. Remington, R.P. Drake, D.D. Ryutov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 755 (2006) ADSGoogle Scholar
  138. C.S. Reynolds, D. Garofalo, M.C. Begelman, Astrophys. J. 651, 1023 (2006) ADSGoogle Scholar
  139. M.M. Reynoso, G.E. Romero, Astron. Astrophys. 493, 1 (2009) ADSzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  140. M.M. Reynoso, M.C. Medina, G.E. Romero, Astron. Astrophys. 531, A30 (2011) ADSGoogle Scholar
  141. G.B. Rybicki, A.P. Lightman, Radiative Processes in Astrophysics (J. Wiley, New York, 1979) Google Scholar
  142. M.M. Romanova, G.V. Ustyugova, A.V. Koldoba, R.V.E. Lovelace, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 399, 1802 (2009) ADSGoogle Scholar
  143. G.E. Romero, Astrophys. Space Sci. 234, 49 (1995) ADSGoogle Scholar
  144. G.E. Romero, J.M. Paredes, Introducción a la Astrofísica Relativista, 1st edn. (Publicacions i Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, 2011) Google Scholar
  145. G.E. Romero, D.F. Torres, M.M. Kaufman-Bernadó, I.F. Mirabel, Astron. Astrophys. 410, L1 (2003) ADSGoogle Scholar
  146. R.H. Sanders, Astrophys. Space Sci. 266, 73 (1983) Google Scholar
  147. R. Schlickeiser, Cosmic Ray Astrophysics (Springer, Berlin, 2002) Google Scholar
  148. M. Sikora, L. Stawarz, J.-P. Lasota, Astrophys. J. 658, 815 (2007) ADSGoogle Scholar
  149. H.C. Spruit, D.A. Uzdensky, Astrophys. J. 629, 960 (2005) ADSGoogle Scholar
  150. L. Stawarz, F. Aharonian, J. Kataoka, M. Ostrowski, A. Siemiginowska, M. Sikora, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 370, 981 (2006) ADSGoogle Scholar
  151. F. Suzuki-Vidal, S.V. Lebedev, S.N. Bland, G.N. Hall, G. Swadling, A.J. Harvey-Thompson, G. Burdiak, P. de Grouchy, J.P. Chittenden, A. Marocchino, M. Bocchi, A. Ciardi, A. Frank, S.C. Bott, Astrophys. Space Sci. 336, 41 (2011) ADSGoogle Scholar
  152. M. Takahashi, S. Nitta, Y. Tatematsu, A. Tomimatsu, Astrophys. J. 363, 206 (1990) ADSGoogle Scholar
  153. A. Tchekhovskoy, J.C. McKinney, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 423, L55 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  154. A. Tchekhovskoy, J.C. McKinney, R. Narayan, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 388, 551 (2008) ADSGoogle Scholar
  155. A. Tchekhovskoy, J.C. McKinney, R. Narayan, Astrophys. J. 699, 1789 (2009) ADSGoogle Scholar
  156. A. Tchekhovskoy, R. Narayan, J.C. McKinney, Astrophys. J. 711, 50 (2010a) ADSGoogle Scholar
  157. A. Tchekhovskoy, R. Narayan, J.C. McKinney, New Astron. 15, 749 (2010b) ADSGoogle Scholar
  158. K.S. Thorne, R.H. Price, D.A. Macdonald, Black Holes: The Membrane Paradigm (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1986) Google Scholar
  159. C.A. Tout, J.E. Pringle, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 281, 219 (1996) ADSGoogle Scholar
  160. G. Ustyugova, A.V. Koldoba, M.M. Romanova, V.M. Chechetkin, R.V.E. Lovelace, Astrophys. J. 516, 221 (1999) ADSGoogle Scholar
  161. D.A. Uzdensky, A.I. MacFadyen, Astrophys. J. 647, 1192 (2006) ADSGoogle Scholar
  162. D.A. Uzdensky, A.I. MacFadyen, Astrophys. J. 669, 546 (2007) ADSGoogle Scholar
  163. G.S. Vila, G.E. Romero, N.A. Casco, Astron. Astrophys. 538, A97 (2012) ADSGoogle Scholar
  164. N. Vlahakis, Astrophys. J. 600, 324 (2004) ADSGoogle Scholar
  165. N. Vlahakis, K. Tsinganos, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 298, 777 (1998) ADSGoogle Scholar
  166. R.M. Wald, Phys. Rev. D 10, 1680 (1974) ADSGoogle Scholar
  167. E.J. Weber, L. Davis Jr., Astrophys. J. 148, 217 (1967) ADSGoogle Scholar
  168. R.L. Znajek, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 179, 457 (1977) ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gustavo E. Romero
    • 1
  • Gabriela S. Vila
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Argentino de RadioastronomíaVilla ElisaArgentina

Personalised recommendations