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Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

  • K. J. Finiewicz
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Abstract

The first cases of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) were described in 1845 by Bennett, then Craigie and Virchow. This was followed by decades of studies detailing the histologic and clinical features of CML. The discovery of the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph chromosome) by Nowell and Hungerford in 1960 marked the beginning of a new era in studying the pathogenesis of this disease on the molecular level [1]. After chromosome banding techniques became available, Rowley demonstrated that the shortening of chromosome 22 observed by Nowell is not a result of deletion but, rather, a translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22, t(9;22) [2]. Subsequently, the chimeric gene encoded by t(9;22), bcr-abl, has been defined and cloned [3]. Increasing understanding of the molecular biology of CML and the pivotal role of the bcrabl in the pathogenesis of CML recently culminated in a development of the bcr-abl inhibitor, namely imatinib mesylate (Gleevec, STI-571) [4]. As a results of these events, CML became the first human neoplasm in which the rationally designed therapeutic agent to target the carcinogenic pathway demonstrated clinical efficacy.

Keywords

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Imatinib Mesylate Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patient Cytogenetic Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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