• The degree of peritoneal contamination correlates with the severity of infection and outcome. • The host responds to peritoneal infection by absorbing pathogens into the bloodstream and by mounting a local peritoneal inflammatory reaction; both responses kill bacteria but affect the host adversely. • The goal of peritoneal toilet is to remove mechanically as many contaminants as possible to reduce the severity of infection and limit adverse host responses. • Surgically aggressive forms of peritoneal debridement may remove more contaminating material, but at the cost of increased resources and adverse effects. Their value is controversial.
KeywordsPeritoneal Cavity Peritoneal Lavage Source Control Abdominal Infection Temporary Abdominal Closure
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