State Intervention —The Japanese Experience
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The provision and use of information depends on the political and social structure of a country; Japan s political structure changed to quite an extent after World War II. It showed some continuity in retaining the Emperor and the basic system of a strong central government above 47 departments. But to ensure a democratic process of decision making and to restrict interference of the government with basic rights as intellectual freedom, changes took place within the government. In 1947 the Ministry of Interior was dissolved and its functions distributed among several governmental bodies. In 1949 the Ministry of Communication (established in 1895) was split up into a Ministry of Post and a Ministry of Telecommunication. In 1952 both ministries were merged again (MPT), but at the same time telecommunication business was brought into a separate organisation: NTT (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) was established as a “public corporation”. And some months later, a separate organisation was established for international telecommunication, KDD (Kokusai Denshin Denwa).
KeywordsSeparate Organisation Broadcasting Satellite Telecommunication Policy Telecommunication Carrier Commercial Broadcaster
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