State Intervention —The Japanese Experience

  • Ulrich Wattenberg
Part of the European Communication Council (ECC): Report 1997 book series (EUROCOMM)


The provision and use of information depends on the political and social structure of a country; Japan s political structure changed to quite an extent after World War II. It showed some continuity in retaining the Emperor and the basic system of a strong central government above 47 departments. But to ensure a democratic process of decision making and to restrict interference of the government with basic rights as intellectual freedom, changes took place within the government. In 1947 the Ministry of Interior was dissolved and its functions distributed among several governmental bodies. In 1949 the Ministry of Communication (established in 1895) was split up into a Ministry of Post and a Ministry of Telecommunication. In 1952 both ministries were merged again (MPT), but at the same time telecommunication business was brought into a separate organisation: NTT (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) was established as a “public corporation”. And some months later, a separate organisation was established for international telecommunication, KDD (Kokusai Denshin Denwa).


Separate Organisation Broadcasting Satellite Telecommunication Policy Telecommunication Carrier Commercial Broadcaster 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. MPT (Ed): Heisei 7-nenpan Tsushin Hakusho [White Paper of Communication], Tokyo: Okurasho, 1996 Edition, ISBN4-17-270170-1, 582 p. 3500 YenGoogle Scholar
  2. Economic Planning Association (Ed): [Multimedia -ka no shinten to kokumin seikatsu [Advance of Multimedia and citizens’ lifestyle], Tokyo: Okurasho, 1996, ISBN4-17-402100-7,237 p. 1800 YenGoogle Scholar
  3. Wattenberg, U.: Das japanische Bildschirmtextsystem “CAPTAIN”. In: Media Perspectiven 11/1980, p. 741-744Google Scholar
  4. Wattenberg, U.: Entwicklungen im japanischen direkten Satellitenfernsehen. In: Media Perspectiven 8/1983, p. 564-569Google Scholar
  5. Yamadori, Y. (Ed): JIPDEC Informatization Quarterly No 106:1996 Telecom Reform, Tokyo: September 1996Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Wattenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.GMD-Forschungszentrum Informationstechnik BerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations