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Natural Products Chemistry and Chemical Defense in Tropical Marine Algae of the Phylum Chlorophyta

  • Valerie J. Paul
  • William Fenical
Conference paper
Part of the Bioorganic Marine Chemistry book series (BMC, volume 1)

Abstract

This article reviews the natural products chemistry of marine green algae (Chlorophyta), including investigations to December, 1986. The natural products chemistry is presented with an emphasis on chemical ecology, and in particular upon the natural biological functions of algal metabolites in the marine environment. The results of biological testing of the metabolites in laboratory assays designed to examine antimicrobial activity, cytotoxicity, larval toxicity, and ichthyotoxicity are summarized. Results of laboratory and field experiments designed to identify the deterrent effects of the metabolites toward herbivores are also reviewed. Recent studies, documenting chemical variation in the production of secondary metabolites within plants, among individual plants, and among populations of algae are discussed, with a focus on the ecological factors which may produce this phenomenon.

Keywords

Secondary Metabolite Green Alga Marine Alga Secondary Metabolite Production Minor Metabolite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valerie J. Paul
    • 1
  • William Fenical
    • 2
  1. 1.Marine LaboratoryUniversity of GuamMangilaoGuam USA
  2. 2.Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of CaliforniaSan Diego, La JollaUSA

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