Fibroblasts, Morphogenesis and Cellular Automata

  • Y. Bouligand
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 20)


Cellular automata provide models for various biological processes. Threshold automata have been invented to simulate neurons and their electrophysiological behaviour in nervous centres (Xac Culloch and Pitts, 1943; Hopfield, 1982). Complex behaviours such as recognition and learning can even be simulated (Minski and Papert, 1969; Le Cun, 1986). Remarkable morphologies are also produced by cellular automata and there are numerous examples (Ulam, 1962; Conway’s game “life”, see Gardner, 1971–1972). The examination of pictures obtained with cellular automata suggest new mechanisms for biological pattern formation (Wolfram, 1984).


Cellular Automaton Collagen Fibril Compact Bone Haversian Canal Connective Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Bouligand
    • 1
  1. 1.C.N.R.S. et E.P.H.E.Ivry-sur-SeineFrance

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