Oceanographic Design Criteria and Site Selection for Ocean Wave Energy Conversion

  • George M. HagermanJr.
Conference paper
Part of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics book series (IUTAM)


This paper describes an approach to site selection that considers not only the magnitude of the wave energy resource, but also the limitations on its utilization by seastates too calm or severe for sustained conversion operations. A figure of merit is introduced that compares this operational resource with the most extreme wave that a platform would have to survive during its service life. This approach is illustrated in evaluating the ocean wave energy conversion potential of 36 areas off the coast of the United States and in selecting an optimum water depth for siting an ocean wave energy conversion platform.


Wave Height Wave Energy Significant Wave Height Extreme Wave Maximum Wave Height 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Augustine, F.E., Maxwell, F.D. and Lazanoff, S.M.: Extreme wave heights in the Gulf of Alaska. Proc. 10th Ann. Offshore Technol. Conf., 1978, pp. 1551–1562.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bretschneider, C.L.: Revisions to hurricane design wave practices. Proc. 13th Conf. Coast. Eng., 1972, pp. 167–195.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bretschneider, C.L.: Hurricane design winds and waves and current criteria for potential OTEC sites. Univ. Hawaii Look Lab. Tech. Rep. 79–45 (1979).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bretschneider, C.L. and Rocheleau, R.E.: An evaluation of extreme wave climate at Keahole Point, Hawaii. Proc. 16th Conf. Coast. Eng., 1978, pp. 152–173.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Corson, W.D., Resio, D.T., Brooks, R.M., Ebersole,B.A., Jensen, R.E., Ragsdale, D.S. and Tracy, B.A.: Atlantic hind-cast deepwater significant wave information. U.S. Army Eng. Waterways Exp. Sta., WIS Rep. 2 (1981).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Det Norske Veritas: Estimates of wave power at the coast of Norway. Veritas Rep. 77–570 (1977).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Earle, M.D.: Wave conditions for the California coast and continental shelf. Report prepared for Environ. Data Info. Svc., Natl. Oceanic Atmos. Admin. (1977).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Earle, M.D., Bush, K.A. and Hamilton, G.D.: High-height long-period ocean waves generated by a severe storm iri the northeast Pacific Ocean during February 1983. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 14 (1984) 1286–1299.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Evans, D.J.: personal communication (1985).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hamilton, G.D.: Severe buoy wave conditions. Mariners Weather Log 26 (1982) 122–126.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Haring, R.E. and Heideman, J.C.: Gulf of Mexico rare wave return periods. Proc. 10th Ann. Offshore Technol. Conf., 1978, pp. 1537–1550.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Le Mehaute, B. and Wang, J.D.: Wave spectrum changes on sloped beach. J. Waterway, etc. Div., Proc. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng. 108 (1982) 33–47.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mogridge, G.R.; Funke, E.R.; Baird, W.F. and Mansard, E.P.D.: Analysis and description of wave energy resources. Second Intl. Symp. Wave Energy Utilization, 1982, pp. 59–79.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ochi, M.K. and Hubble, E.N.: Six-parameter wave spectra. Proc. 15th Conf. Coast Eng., 1976, pp. 301–328.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pierson, W.J. and Salfi, R.E.: The temporal and spatial variability of power from ocean waves along the west coast of North America. Wave and Salinity Gradient Workshop Proc., U.S. Energy Res. Dev. Admin. Rep. C00–2946–1 (1976).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Quayle, R.G. and Changery, M.J.: Estimates of coastal deep-water wave energy potential for the world. Oceans ‘81 Conf. Record, 1981, pp. 903–907.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Quayle, R.G. and Changery, M.J.: Preliminary height and period adjustments for visual wave data. Mariners Weather Log 26 (1982) 2–3.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    U.S. Navy: Summary of Synoptic Meteorological Observations (SSMO). Selected series: Hawaiian and selected north Pacific island coastal areas, Vol. 1 (1971); Alaskan and British Columbian coastal marine areas, Vols. 11–14 (1970); North American coastal marine areas–revised, Vols. 2–4 (1975), Vols. 5–6 (1976).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    U.S. Navy: U.S. Navy hindcast spectral ocean wave model climatic atlas: north Pacific Ocean. NAVAIR 50–1C-539 (1985).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tayfun, M.A.: Breaking-limited wave heights. J. Waterways etc. Div., Proc. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng. 107 (1981) 59–69.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Triton Systems, Inc.: Wave’power estimation from SSMO data. Report prepared for Sea Energy Corp., New Orleans, LA (1983).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ward, E.G.; Evans, D.J. and Pompa, J.A.: Extreme wave heights along the Atlantic coast of the United States. Proc. 9th Ann. Offshore Technol. Conf., 1977, pp. 315–324.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • George M. HagermanJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Gibbs & Cox, Inc.ArlingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations