Laboratory experiments on large-scale geophysical flows
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Laboratory experiments have been playing a unique role in the great scientific endeavor to better understand the complex phenomena of environmental flows for centuries. Thus, we find it quite appropriate to start our review – motivated by an Italian conference and written by Hungarian authors – with a historic reference to the heritage of the 17th century scholar Luigi Fernando Marsigli (1658–1730), native of Bologna. Being eminent in all areas of contemporary science ranging from mathematics to anatomy, he was commissioned to carry out the complete cartographic and zoological survey of the border area between the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire: a task that made him spend twenty years of his life roaming in and around Hungary. His visit to Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) inspired his later pioneering work on the physical background of seawater exchange through the strait of Bosporus.
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