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Controlling Parameters on Facies Geometries of the Bahamas, an Isolated Carbonate Platform Environment

  • Kelly L. BergmanEmail author
  • Hildegard Westphal
  • Xavier Janson
  • Anthony Poiriez
  • Gregor P. Eberli
Chapter

Abstract

The Bahamas are among the most extensively studied carbonate regions in the world, and a number of phenomena typical of calcareous environments have been first observed in the Bahamas. Early geological research in the Bahamas was undertaken by Nelson (1853B) who surveyed their geography and topography. He noticed the “remarkable lowness of profile” and the dynamics of construction and destruction of the islands, outlined the biota and lithologies, described the formation of the carbonate rocks, and noticed the eolian origin of many Bahamian islands. Forty years later, the examination of modern carbonate environments rapidly progressed with the expedition of L. and A. Agassiz in 1893 (Agassiz 1894). Their explorations focused mainly on the fringing reefs of GE Great Bahama Bank. Research on abiotic carbonate components followed, by Vaughan (1914) who emphasized that carbonate constituents can originate from both skeletal secretion and chemical precipitation, and introduced the terms “organic” and “inorganic” limestones. Black (1933) first characterized the sedimentary facies on Great Bahama Bank and noted the significance of the widespread aragonitic mud. The sand-sized calcareous components of the Bahamas and their origin, including ooid sands, were described in detail in the classic papers by Illing (1954) and Newell et al. (1960).

Keywords

Tidal Flat Patch Reef Sand Body Leeward Side Sand Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelly L. Bergman
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hildegard Westphal
    • 3
  • Xavier Janson
    • 4
    • 2
  • Anthony Poiriez
    • 2
  • Gregor P. Eberli
    • 2
  1. 1.ETC Chevron CorporationSan RamonUSA
  2. 2.Rosenstiel School for Marine and Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of GeosciencesUniversität BremenBremenGermany
  4. 4.Bureau of Economic GeologyAustinUSA

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