Introduction: Climate Change and the Law

  • Kati KulovesiEmail author
  • Michael Mehling
  • Erkki J. Hollo
Part of the Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice book series (IUSGENT, volume 21)


The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) celebrates its twentieth anniversary in 2012. The two decades following its adoption have witnessed a significant evolution in legal responses to climate change. The international climate regime itself has grown considerably and evolved into a highly specialized area of international law and legal expertise. Its evolution has inspired the expansion of climate law also at the regional, national, subnational and transnational levels. The emphasis of climate law has traditionally been on mitigation, but adaptation, finance, technology and capacity building have recently asserted their place as key elements of climate change law and policy.


Climate Change European Union Clean Development Mechanism International Climate Emission Trading Scheme 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kati Kulovesi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael Mehling
    • 2
  • Erkki J. Hollo
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of LawUniversity of Eastern FinlandJoensuuFinland
  2. 2.Ecologic InstituteWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.Faculty of LawUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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