Climate Law and Policy in Russia: A Peasant Needs Thunder to Cross Himself and Wonder
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Being one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases and having an enormous carbon storage capacity in its forests, Russia plays a significant role in addressing global climate change. Yet, for a long time, its domestic climate policy remained under-developed and lagged behind other countries. The presidential term of Dmitry Medvedev and his modernisation agenda brought about the necessary transformation. The Climate Doctrine adopted in 2009 acknowledges the anthropogenic nature of climate change, setting principles and goals for mitigation and adaptation policies. The adoption of the Doctrine coincided with the development of a comprehensive framework for energy efficiency and energy conservation which, if fully implemented, will lead to significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Adaptation policies should also be urgently formulated, as according to the Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, climate change, alongside some benefits, will bring more droughts, floods and other extreme events as well as negative consequences for infrastructure, agriculture and other sectors of the economy.