Recodification of Private Law in the Czech Republic
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The chapter brings a general overview of legislation on private law in the Czech Republic, notably with respect to the Civil Code, Business Corporations Act, Labour Code, and Private International Law Act. Attention is paid not only to the legal history of codification and decodification of private law in the Czech Republic up to the present, but also, and in particular, to the recent radical reforms and complete re-codification of private law, notably to the new Civil Code, effective as from 1 January 2014. The general overview of legislation governing private law starts with the description of legal sources, including European Union law and international treaties, and continues with the introduction into the rather dynamic history of civil codes and other sources of private law in the Czech Republic. The authors tried to focus on the starting points and main features of the completely new recodified legislation, the major axis of which is a human being and his or her interests, predominantly individual in the private law sphere.