Past and Present Oceanic Energy Balance Patterns

  • Reginald E. Newell
  • Jane Hsiung
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 282)


Present-day oceanic energy balance patterns are discussed from the point of view of the role wind-stress changes play in controlling the annual cycle, interannual changes, and glacial/interglacial changes in sea-surface temperature. Particular reference is made to Pacific-Atlantic differences and the relationship with salinity changes.


Energy Flux Surface Wind Stress Water Vapor Flux Young DRYAS Surface Energy Flux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. CLIMAP project members, 1981: Seasonal reconstruction of the earth’s surface at the last glacial maximum, Geol. Soc. Amer. Map Chart Series, MC-36.Google Scholar
  2. COADS (Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set), Release 1, 1985, CIRES, ERL, NCAR, NCDC, Boulder, CO, 267 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Broecker, W.S., Peteet, D.M., and Rind, D., 1985: Does the ocean-atmosphere system have more than one stable mode of operation?, Nature, 315: 21–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Folland, C.K., Palmer, T.W., and Parker, D.E., 1986: Sahel rainfall and worldwide sea temperatures, 1901–85, Nature, 320: 602–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hsiung, J., 1983: Large-scale, sea-air energy fluxes and global sea-surface temperature fluctuations, Ph.D. Thesis, MIT, 240 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Hsiung, J., 1985: Estimates of global oceanic meridional heat transport, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 15: 1405–1413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hsiung, J., 1986: Mean surface energy fluxes over the global ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 91: 10,585–10, 606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hsiung, J., Newell, R.E., and Houghtby, T., 1987: Annual variation of heat transport in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, Nature, 325: 518–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jaeger, L., 1976: Monatskarten des Niederschlags für die ganze Erde, Ber. Dt. Wetterd., 18, No. 139, 38 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Kutzbach, J.E., 1987: Model simulations of the climatic patterns during the deglaciation of North America, In: The Geology of North America, U.K-3 North America and adjacent oceans during the last deglaciation, Geol. Soc. Amer., pp. 425–446.Google Scholar
  11. Newell, R.E., 1974: Changes in the poleward energy flux by the atmosphere and ocean as a possible cause for ice ages, Quat. Res., 4: 117–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Newell, R.E., Chiu, L.S., Ebisuzaki, W., Navato, A.R., and Selkirk, H.B., 1981: The oceans and ocean currents: their influence on climate, International Conference, Climate and Offshore Energy Resources, London, England, The Royal Society/American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., pp. 59–112.Google Scholar
  13. Newell, R.E., Gould-Stewart, S. and Chung, J.C., 1981: A possible interpretation of paleoclimatic reconstructions for 18,000 BP for the region 60°N to 60°S, 60°W to 100°E, Palaoecology of Africa, v. 13, J.A. Goltzee and E.M. Van Zinderen Bakker Sr., Eds., A.A. Balkema, pp. 1–20.Google Scholar
  14. Newell, R.E., and Hsiung, J., 1987: Factors controlling free air and ocean temperature of the last 30 years and extrapolation to the past, In: Abrupt Climatic Changes, W.H. Berger and L.D. Labeyrie, Eds., D. Reidel, pp. 67–87.Google Scholar
  15. Newell, R.E., Selkirk, H.B., and Ebisuzaki, W., 1982: The southern oscillation: sea-surface temperature and wind relationships in a 100-year data set, J. Climatol., 2, pp. 357–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Peixoto, J.P. and Oort, A.H., 1983: The atmospheric branch of the hydrological cycle and climate, In: Variations in the Global Water Budget, A. Street-Perrott, M. Beran and R. Ratdiffe, Eds. D. Reidel, pp. 5–65.Google Scholar
  17. Wunsch, C., and Roemmich, D., 1985: Is the North Atlantic in Sverdrup balance?, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 15: 1876–1880.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reginald E. Newell
    • 1
  • Jane Hsiung
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences 54-1522Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations