The Geology of the Canary Islands

  • Hans-Ulrich Schmincke
Part of the Monographiae Biologicae book series (MOBI, volume 30)


The Canary Islands, built on the continental rise and slope (Figs. 1,2), are one of the major volcanic island chains in the oceans. There is hardly another group of volcanic islands in the world, neither the Azores nor the Hawaiian islands, with such long histories of eruptions (Fig. 3) — spanning 20 or more Ma2 on some individual islands — and such an enormous variety of volcanic and plutonic rocks. Moreover, the magnificent outcrops on the leeward sides of the islands, due to low rainfall, scant or absent vegetation, and deep canyons, make the islands especially appealing to the earth scientist.


Lava Flow Canary Island Pillow Lava Cinder Cone Historic Eruption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Dr. W. Junk b.v., Publishers, The Hague 1976

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  • Hans-Ulrich Schmincke

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