Advertisement

Metaphor in 19th-Century Medicine

  • Maria Luisa Barbera
Chapter

Abstract

In the political thought of every age, references to the body, especially to the human body, are essential. All societies, even religious ones, have always been regarded as a body, a person, at least since Menenius Agrippa spoke his apologue in front of the Roman populace to convince them to give up their revolt. Since then, the metaphor of the body has ruled undisputedly over the many other metaphors in political thought, so that its history could be studied in terms of the history of all the corporeal images which appear in it.

Keywords

Corporeal Image Political Thought Social Body French Physician Italian Transl 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Baroni, Agostino: 1853, Sulla restaurazione ippocratica proposta da G. Franceschi e sull’ empirismo razionale, G. Lana, Fano.Google Scholar
  2. Bichat, Marie François Xavier: 1800, Traité des membranes, Richard, Paris.Google Scholar
  3. Broussais, François Joseph Victor: 1828, De l’irritation et de la folie, Librairie Polymatique, Paris-Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  4. Cabanis, Pierre Jean Georges: 1798, ‘Du degré de certitude de la médecine’, in P.J.G. Cabanis, Oeuvres complètes de Cabanis, pp. 404ff.Google Scholar
  5. Cabanis, Pierre Jean Georges: 1823, Oeuvres complètes de Cabanis, Vol. I, F. Didot, Paris.Google Scholar
  6. Canguilhem, Georges: 1968, ‘La philosophie biologique d’Auguste Comte et son influence en France au XIXe siècle’, in Études d’historie et de philosophie des sciences, Vrin, Paris, pp. 61–74.Google Scholar
  7. Comte, Auguste: 1822, ‘Plan des travaux scientifiques nécessaires pour réorganiser la société’, in A. ComteSystème de politique positive, pp. 47–136.Google Scholar
  8. Comte, Auguste: 1828, ‘Examen du traité de Broussais sur l’irritation et la folie’, in A. Comte Système de Politique positive, pp. 216–228.Google Scholar
  9. Comte Auguste: 1830, ‘Convergence progressive des principales évolutions spontanées de la sociéte moderne vers l’organisation finale d’un régime rationnel et pacifique’. in A. Comte, Cours de philosophie positive, Vol. VI, pp. 1–180.Google Scholar
  10. Comte, Auguste: 1830b, Cours de philosophie positive, Everart, Paris.Google Scholar
  11. Comte, Auguste: 1854, Système de politique positive, Appendiece géneral L. Mathias, Paris.Google Scholar
  12. Foderà, Michele: 1821, Histoire de quelques doctrines médicales comparées à celle du docteur Broussais, J.B. Baillière, Paris.Google Scholar
  13. Gioberti, Vincenzo: 1847, Prolegomeni, in Opere di V. Gioberti I, Bocca, Milano.Google Scholar
  14. Hahnemann, Samuel: 1828, Die chronischen Krankheiten II, Arnold, Dresden-Leipzig.Google Scholar
  15. Lombroso, Cesare: 1876, L’uomo delinquente, Bocca, Milano.Google Scholar
  16. Marx, Karl: 1844, ‘Oekonomisch-philosophische Manuskripte’, in Marx and Engels, Gesamte Ausgabe, Abt. I, Bd. 2, pp. 429–434.Google Scholar
  17. Marx, Karl: 1867, ‘Theilung der Arbeit und Manifaktur’, in Das Kapital,Marx and Engels, Gesamte Ausgabe, Abt. II, Bd. 5, pp. 272, 297.Google Scholar
  18. Moleschott, Jacob: 1852, Der Kreislauf des Lebens, (Italian transl.) Brigola, Milano.Google Scholar
  19. Moleschott, Jacob: 1853, Lehre der Nahrungsmittel, (Italian transl.) Treves, Milano.Google Scholar
  20. Saint-Simon, Claude Henri de: 1814, ‘Reorganisation de la société européenne’, in Oeuvres de Saint-Simon et d’Enfantin XV, Paris, pp. 153–248.Google Scholar
  21. Saint-Simon, Claude Henri de: 1867–76, Oeuvres de Saint-Simon et d’Enfantin, Anthropos, Paris (anast. 1976).Google Scholar
  22. Say, Jean Baptiste: 1815, Catéchisme d’économie politique, Bossange père, Paris-Londres.Google Scholar
  23. Say, Jean Baptiste: 1828, Cours complet d’économie politique pratique I et III,De Casimir, Paris.Google Scholar
  24. Shelley, Mary: 1818, Frankenstein, ‘Three Gothic Novels’, Penguin Books, London-N.Y. 1982.Google Scholar
  25. Simon, Leon: 1836, Leçons de médecine homoeopathique, De Indenne, Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  26. Tocqueville, Alexis de: 1856, L’Ancien Régime et la Révolution, in Oeuvres complètes II, 1, Gallimard, Paris.Google Scholar
  27. Turchetti, Odoardo: 1858, Colpo d’occhio sullo stato attuale medica patologia, manuscript, Milano.Google Scholar
  28. Virchow, Rudolf: 1856, ‘Alter und neuer Vitalismus’, Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin IX, 3–55.Google Scholar
  29. Virchow, Rudolf: 1860, ‘Die Kritiker der Cellularpathologie’, Archiv für patholo- gische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin XVIII, 1–14.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Luisa Barbera

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations