The Potential of Formative Evaluation in Program Design Models

  • Ralf Maslowski
  • Adrie Visscher


This contribution discusses the nature and role of formative evaluation in educational design and development. It consists of two sections. In the first section the role of evaluation in educational design, and the importance of conducting evaluations during design and development practices is discussed. Furthermore, limitations of formative evaluation for improving educational programs are identified. In the second section, the nature of formative evaluation in four models for educational design, i.e. the planning-by-objectives model, the prototyping model, the deliberative model and the artistic model, is examined in detail.


Formative evaluation Design models 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralf Maslowski
    • 1
  • Adrie Visscher
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TwenteThe Netherlands

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