Educational Design and Development: An Overview of Paradigms

  • Irene Visscher-Voerman
  • Kent Gustafson
  • Tjeerd Plomp


This chapter will provide four different perspectives on educational design and development: instrumental, communicative, pragmatic, and artistic. The perspectives will be compared, and upon technical as well as social aspects of design will be their different views described. We will argue that designers should be aware of the usefulness of these perspectives and use the one that is most adequate for a certain design situation.


Curriculum development Instructional development Design paradigms Design rationality Instrumental approach Deliberative approach Prototyping approach Artistic approach 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irene Visscher-Voerman
    • 1
  • Kent Gustafson
    • 2
  • Tjeerd Plomp
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TwenteThe Netherlands
  2. 2.The University of GeorgiaUSA

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