Advertisement

Polysulphides in the construction industry

  • M. H. Irfan
Chapter
  • 255 Downloads

Abstract

In the construction sector, polysulphide technologies are available in the form of joint sealants and protective coatings. Until the late 1970s and early 1980s polysulphides were widely used as construction, civil engineering and insulated-glass sealants. Competition arrived with the introduction of polyurethanes and silicone sealants, which offer better ultraviolet (UV) and ozone resistance and a wider colour range. However, some recent advances in polysulphide technology have led to a resurgence in the popularity of polysulphide systems as sealants and protective coatings. The properties that make them useful are:
  • excellent oil and solvent resistance;

  • water and sewage resistance;

  • low-temperature and high-temperature resistance.

Keywords

Construction Industry Fire Protection Manganese Dioxide Butt Joint Precipitate Calcium Carbonate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

References

  1. Berenbaum, M.B. (1969) Polysulfide polymers, in Encyclopedia of Polymer Science andTechnology Volume 11 (ed. N. Bikales), Interscience, New York, pp. 425–47.Google Scholar
  2. Deutsche Wissenschaftliche Gesellchaft für Erdöl, Erdgas und Köhle (1989) Project 422, January, Stunstrasse 7, 2000 Hamburg.Google Scholar
  3. Deutsche Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft für Erdöl, Erdgas und Köhle (1991) Project 422–2, February, Stunstrasse 7, 2000 Hamburg.Google Scholar
  4. Ellerstein, S.M. and Pertozzi, E.R. (1982) Polymers containing sulfur: polysulfides, in Kirk Othomer Encyclopaedia of Chemical Technology, Volume 18 3rd edn, John Wiley, New York, pp. 815–31.Google Scholar
  5. Harris, C.J. (1989) LP-R Technologies for Environmental Protection Morton Thiokol, Coventry.Google Scholar
  6. Jackson, R. ( 1992) Intumescent sealants. Focus: The Magazine of Fosroc International Ltd. Birmingham England (Spring/summer), pp. 11–12.Google Scholar
  7. KIWA (1989) Criteria for channel sealants, criteria no. 5, July, Keuringsinstituut voor Waterleindingartikelen ny, 2280 an Rijswijk.Google Scholar
  8. Lee, T., Rees, T. and Wilford, A. (1992) Polysulfide sealants in water-retaining structures, in Science and Technology of Building Seals Sealants Glazing and Waterproofing ASTM STP 1168, American Society of Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 47–56.Google Scholar
  9. Lowe, G.B. (1994a) Sealants and coatings for environmental protection. European Adhesive Journal (December), 11–12.Google Scholar
  10. Lowe, G.B. (1994b) Water Industries Specification 4–60–01 Institute of Water Offices.Google Scholar
  11. UK. Maslow, P. ( 1982 ) Chemical Materials for Construction McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Morton International (1992) Evaluation of LP Liquid Polysulphide Sealants in Finham Sewage Treatment year 8 status, Morton International, Coventry.Google Scholar
  13. Morton Thiokol Corp. (1987) Bioresistance of LP based Polysulphide Sealants Morton Thiokol Corporation, Coventry.Google Scholar
  14. Panek, J. and Cook, J. (1984) Polysulfide sealants, in Construction Sealants and Adhesives 2nd edn, John Wiley, New York, pp. 106–19.Google Scholar
  15. Rees, T. (1996) Re-classification of liquid polysulphide polymers, memorandum, Morton International, Coventry.Google Scholar
  16. Rosenthal, N.A. and Berenbaum, M.B. (1957) Thermal decomposition of bis (2-chloroethyl formal). Paper presented at the 131st Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Miami, FL, April 7–12.Google Scholar
  17. Thiokol Chemical Co. (1969) Solvent Resistance of LP Liquid Polysulphide Polymers bulletin 565 M, May, Thiokol Chemical Corporation, Trenton, NJ.Google Scholar
  18. Tobolsky, A.V. and Macknight, W.J. (1965) Polymeric Sulfur and Related Polymers Inter-science, New York.Google Scholar

Further reading

  1. Barbier, J.W., Hanhela, P.J., Huang, R.H. and Paul, D.B. (1990) Effect of temperature on storage life of polysulfide aircraft sealants. Polymer Testing 9(5), 291–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Fiorillo, A.R. (1992) Advances in One Part Polysulfide Sealant Technology ASTM special technical publication 1200, American Society of Testing and Materials.Google Scholar
  3. Philadelphia, PA. Fiorillo, A.R. (1994) Case-histories of successfully sealed expansion joints with polysulfide sealants, in Proceedings of Third Symposium on Science and Technology of Building Seals and Sealants FL, USA ASTM special technical publication 1254, part 3, American Society of Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
  4. Hanhela, P.J., Huang, R.H.E. and Paul, D.B. (1993) Effect of thiols and fuel system icing inhibitors on the integrity of aircraft fuel tank sealants. Materials Forum 17(2), 139–52.Google Scholar
  5. Hanhela, P.J., Hook, R.J. and Paul, B. (1994) Polysulfide sealant compositions: interactions between elemental sulfur and organosulfur compounds. Journal of Applied PolymerScience 51(8), 1441–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. H. Irfan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations