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Advanced Techniques for Bioinorganic and Environmental Speciation Analysis for Heavy Metals

  • R. Lobinski
Chapter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASEN2, volume 26)

Abstract

Metals exist in the environment or in biological systems as part of macromolecular structures [1]. Kadi and every such a structure is the result of a series of biochemical processes defined by Nature. It carries a message which is vital for the evaluation of the metal bioavailability, and hence toxicity or essentiality, and for the understanding of mechanisms controlling the biological life. The wide recognition of the role of trace elements in medicine and biology in the mid-eighties had a natural consequence of understanding that toxic and beneficial effects should not be attributed to an element as such but to element compounds with distinct biological, physical and chemical properties. Information on a metal which is based uniquely on its total concentration has only little meaning; it is very often even misleading. The question how to access this molecular information has become one of the most challenging issues of the modern analytical chemistry during the past decade because of its impact on environmental chemistry, eco-and clinical toxicology. The related field of research is called speciation analysis which is one of the principal tools to investigate interaction of heavy metals contaminants with biota [2-7].

Keywords

Speciation Analysis Hexavalent Chromium Hydride Generation Grignard Reagent Hyphenated Technique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Lobinski
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Photophysique et Photochimie Moléculaire, CNRS URA 348Université de Bordeaux ITalenceFrance

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