A Heavy Metal Pollution in Industrial Zone and its Effect on Soil and Spring Water in Iskenderun Bay, North-East Mediterranean
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The Bay of Iskenderun is located in the north-eastern corner of Mediterranean Sea. The coasts of the Bay are intensively industrialized when compared with the Mediterranean coasts of Turkey. These are fertilizer and cement industries, iron and steel complexes, coal fired plants, a pipe line terminal and E 5-Road with heavy traffic. In this study 30 soil samples taken from 10m centers and 500m, 1000m, 1500m, 2000m, 3000m, 5000m distances to the Industrial Zone were analyzed for their heavy metal concentrations, such as Pb, Mn, Cd, Fe, Zn, Cu, Cr, Mg, Ca. 20 water samples were collected from drinkable water sources in the industrial zone and close villages. Heavy metal concentrations in the samples were determined by the use of Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. It was found that the metal ion concentrations were higher in close distances to the Industrial Zone except Ca, Mg ions. On getting far away from the zone, a decrease in metal concentrations was observed. COD levels, pH, NOx in water were also determined.
The result show that heavy metal concentrations in soil and in water were higher than acceptable toxic limits, given in literature, except lead, copper, chromium and manganese concentrations
Key WordsHeavy Metal Pollution Soil Pollution Spring Water Pollution Industrial Zone Yskenderun Bay Turkey Mediterranean
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