• R. D. Teasdale
Part of the Forestry Sciences book series (FOSC, volume 24-26)


Those elements which are required by plants in small amounts for normal growth are known variously as micronutrients, micro-elements or trace elements. Some of these, such as Fe and Ni, may be present in great abundance, so that the latter two terms are less appropriate and now used less frequently by workers in the field. The number of known micronutrients has increased over the years, paralleling improvements in procedures to remove extremely small amounts of contaminants. An example of a recent addition is provided by Ni(27, 29), further new additions are likely with increasing research effort. Interest in the micronutrients is not confined to their deficiencies; toxic excesses of micro-elements such as Cu and Zn are of environmental significance(33). The growing tendency to allocate reject lands to forestry(109) justifies substantial research effort on the physiological, biochemical and genetic effects of these elements on forest tree species. It is one aim of this chapter to provide some guidance on the use of tissue culture systems for studies of defined micro-nutrient stress.


Cell Suspension Culture Nitrate Reductase Activity Tissue Culture Medium Copper Deficiency Pinus Taeda 
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