Tourism, migration, circulation and mobility

The contingencies of time and place
  • Allan M. Williams
  • C. Michael Hall
Part of the The GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 65)


New forms of mobility can be found at many scales from the local and national to the global. They also include all age ranges but particularly those near the polar extremes of the life course — young, single adults and the active elderly (in contrast, families with young children and the frail elderly tend to be some of the least mobile socio-demographic groups). The heroes of this new mobility are figures such as the young New Zealanders or Australians taking their Big OE (Overseas Experience) in Europe, or the partly retired Canadian living a peripatetic life style between Toronto and Florida, or the German and Swedish long-term travelers visiting organic farms around the world. All straddle not only international boundaries but also the worlds of work and leisure, and so of tourism and migration. There is probably no finer example of this blurring of the spheres of consumption and production than Chris Stewart, the British author, farmer and ex rock-musician, who migrated from Britain to the Alpujarras mountains in southern Spain. In his best selling book, Driving Over Lemons, he describes their purchase of a near derelict farm house, and the love, pleasure and sheer hard labour that went into its renovation. His income is supplemented by stints working as a sheep shearer in Sweden, a form of circulation that parallels occasional visits to and from friends and relatives in the UK.


Labour Migration Return Migrant Tourism Development Local Labour Market Temporary Migrant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allan M. Williams
    • 1
  • C. Michael Hall
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of ExeterDevonEngland
  2. 2.University of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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