Advertisement

The Big OE

New Zealanders’ Overseas Experience in Britain
  • Peter Mason
Chapter
Part of the The GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 65)

Abstract

A headline in a major British daily newspaper in 1998 indicated that New Zealand was a nation in crisis because as many as 28,000 young people were leaving the country each year. It was claimed that most were in their mid-twenties, well educated, ambitious and had no intention of returning. This story also circulated in New Zealand appearing as the front page story in a local evening paper in the provincial town of Palmerston North (Evening Standard, 1998). In reality, this type of outward population mobility is not that unusual. New Zealand is a relatively new country that has experienced major demographic fluctuations due to large-scale migration flows. In the past one hundred and fifty years, migration has contributed greatly to population growth. However, in the past twenty years, the continuing growth of population in New Zealand, (still partly maintained through immigration), has also been accompanied by an exodus. Therefore, what the newspaper article highlighted was a significant change in the scale of a long-standing form of population mobility.

Keywords

Risk Taking Permanent Migration Family Link Zealand Society Acquis Communautaire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barber, L. (1989) New Zealand: a short history, Century Hutchinson, Wellington.Google Scholar
  2. Bell, M. and Ward, G. (2000) Comparing temporary mobility with permanent migration, Tourism Geographies: International Journal of Place, Space and the Environment 2 (3), 87–107.Google Scholar
  3. BTA (1997) New Zealand: Visitor Traffic to the UK, A Market Summary, BTA/ETB and Martin Withyman Associates, London/Brentwood.Google Scholar
  4. Bywater, M. (1993) Market segments in the youth and student travel market, EIU Travel and Tourism Analyst 3, 35–50.Google Scholar
  5. Campbell, H. (1994) Regulation and Crisis in New Zealand Agriculture: The case of Ashburton County 1984–1992 Unpublished PhD thesis, Charles Sturt University, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  6. Chadee, D. and Cutler, J. (1996) Insights into international travel by students, Journal of Travel Research, 22 (1), 75–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cohen, E. (1974) Who is a tourist? A conceptual clarification, Sociological Review 22 (4), 527–555.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cohen, E. (1988) Traditions in qualitative sociology of tourism, Annals of Tourism Research 15 (1), 29–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Evening Standard (1998) New Zealand nation in crisis, Evening Standard 26 October, 1. Graburn, N. (1983) The anthropology of tourism, Annals of Tourism Research 10 (1), 9–33.Google Scholar
  10. Inside New Zealand (1994) The Big 0E,TV3, New ZealandGoogle Scholar
  11. Iso-Ahola, S.E (1982) Towards a social psychology of tourist motivation: a rejoinder, Annals of Tourism Research 9 (2), 256–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jamieson, K. (1996) Been There, Done That. Identity and the Overseas Experiences of Young Pakeha New Zealanders, unpublished dissertation, Masters of Arts ( Social Anthropology) Massey University, Palmerston.Google Scholar
  13. Kang, S. K.-M. and Page, S. J. (2000) Tourism, migration and emigration: travel patterns of Korean-New Zealanders in the 1990s, Tourism Geographies: International Journal of Place, Space and the Environment 2 (3), 50–65.Google Scholar
  14. Maslow, A. (1943) Motivation and Personality, Harper, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Mason, P. and Legg, S. (1999) Antarctic Tourism: activities, impacts, management issues and a proposed research agenda, Pacific Tourism Review 3 (1), 71–84.Google Scholar
  16. Morinis E.A (1992) `Introduction,’ in E.A. Morinis (ed.), Sacred Journeys: The Anthropology of Pilgrimage Greenwood Press, Wesport and London, pp. 1–17.Google Scholar
  17. Pearce, P. (1988) The Ulysses Factor, Evaluating Visitors in Tourist Settings, Springer Verlag, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Plog, S. (1972) Why destination areas rise and fall in popularity, Paper presented at the Southern California Chapter of the Travel Research Association.Google Scholar
  19. Ryan, C. (1991) Recreational Tourism, Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  20. Ryan, C. (1997) Similar motivations-diverse behaviours, in C. Ryan (ed.), The Tourist Experience, A New Introduction, Cassell, London.Google Scholar
  21. Turner, V. (1973) The centre out there; the pilgrim’s goal, History of Religions 12(3), 191–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Turner, V. (1973) The centre out there; the pilgrim’s goal, History of Religions 12(3), 191–230 Turner, V. (1974) Liminal to liminoid in play, flow and ritual; an essay in comparative symbology, Rice Universities Studies 60, 53–92.Google Scholar
  23. Turner, V. and Turner, E. (1978) Image and Pilgrimage in Christian Culture, Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Mason
    • 1
  1. 1.Tourism and Leisure, Luton Business SchoolUniversity of LutonLuton, BedfordshireEngland

Personalised recommendations