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Crop Growth Under Heavy Metals Stress and Its Mitigation

  • Reshu Bhardwaj
  • Shiv Poojan Yadav
  • Rajesh Kumar Singh
  • V. K. Tripathi
Chapter
  • 135 Downloads

Abstract

Heavy metals are biologically magnified due to continuous accumulation in the natural resources which not only threatens the plants and animals survival but also puts mankind at higher risk lacking excellent defense mechanism. Even at a lower concentration these metals may interact with several biomolecules thereby hampering the physicochemical processes in plants resulting in enzyme deactivation, protein denaturation, or disruption of various metabolic activities. Plants have been continuously known to adapt themselves under any of the prevailing environmental stress condition since their origin on this terrestrial planet through various physical and cellular defense mechanisms. Plants in association with the arbuscular mycorrhizae also limit the translocation of these heavy metals in the shoot system, thus immobilizing these metals in soil. Maximum arable acreage is being degraded by the heavy metals accumulation in the soils thereby reducing the cropping intensity, therefore the faulty practices leading to the biomagnification of these heavy metals should be avoided both at primary and secondary stages of its accumulation. This chapter summarizes the growth and development of plants under heavy metals stress condition, the defense mechanisms, and the mitigation options involved.

Keywords

Heavy metals Environmental stress Crop Soil Defense mechanism 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reshu Bhardwaj
    • 1
  • Shiv Poojan Yadav
    • 1
  • Rajesh Kumar Singh
    • 1
  • V. K. Tripathi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyInstitute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Farm EngineeringInstitute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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