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CRISPR/Cas9-Edited Rice: A New Frontier for Sustainable Agriculture

  • Sahil Mehta
  • Shambhu Krishan Lal
  • Kuleshwar Prasad Sahu
  • Ajay Kumar Venkatapuram
  • Mukesh Kumar
  • Vijay Sheri
  • Panditi Varakumar
  • Chandrapal Vishwakarma
  • Renu Yadav
  • M. Rizwan Jameel
  • Miraj Ali
  • V. Mohan M. Achary
  • Malireddy K. Reddy
Chapter

Abstract

With the exponential increase in the world’s human population, improving agricultural productivity is among the top of the researchers’ agendas till the 2050 deadline. One of the potential solutions to this global issue is genome editing because of the precision, fastness, and probably low cost involved compared to other traditional methods. It is in the spotlight especially from the last decade due to the discovery of sequence-specific-based nuclease technology including CRISPR/Cas9 tool. Initially, this tool was applied only in protoplasts and calli. However, due to the modifications in vectors, Cas9 variants, cassettes, cloning systems, multiplexing, and delivery methods, this platform has revolutionized the plant science field. It has been exploited in such a manner that about 16 crop plants have been already edited in the last few years. Out of all crops, most of the editing has been done in the case of rice (Oryza sativa L., Family: Poaceae), a cereal staple food. Therefore, in the current chapter, we have highlighted about the CRISPR/Cas9-edited rice for agronomic traits, stress tolerance/resistance, and biofortification. Additionally, we have presented an overview of various tools, databases, and commercial service providers devoted solely to CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing technology.

Keywords

Plants Agriculture Yield CRISPR/Cas Online resources Future crops 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sahil Mehta
    • 1
  • Shambhu Krishan Lal
    • 1
  • Kuleshwar Prasad Sahu
    • 2
  • Ajay Kumar Venkatapuram
    • 1
  • Mukesh Kumar
    • 2
  • Vijay Sheri
    • 1
  • Panditi Varakumar
    • 1
  • Chandrapal Vishwakarma
    • 3
  • Renu Yadav
    • 1
  • M. Rizwan Jameel
    • 4
  • Miraj Ali
    • 1
  • V. Mohan M. Achary
    • 1
  • Malireddy K. Reddy
    • 1
  1. 1.Crop Improvement Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and BiotechnologyNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Division of Plant PathologyICAR-Indian Agriculture Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Division of Plant PhysiologyICAR-Indian Agriculture Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic SciencesJamia Millia Islamia UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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