Advertisement

Chemical Stress on Plants

  • Rachana Dubey
  • Dipak Kumar Gupta
  • Gulshan Kumar Sharma
Chapter
  • 115 Downloads

Abstract

Chemical stress in plants due to micronutrient deficiency or toxicity, heavy metal and air pollutant can affect the crop growth and development and hampers its productivity and restricts the crop from reaching its full yield potential. Micronutrients play important role in several enzymatic reactions in the plants. However, intensive agriculture, imbalanced fertilizer application and negligence of micronutrient application to the soil have led worldwide micronutrient deficiencies in the agricultural soil. Deficiency or excess of these elements cause several plant disorder or stress. Therefore, understanding of role of micronutrients in plants and stress due to their deficiency and toxicity is necessary for better crop production. Heavy metals are non-degradable and accumulate in our soil, water and crops and finally reach us. Remediation of these heavy metal is necessary with emphasis on reduction, reuse and recycle of these metals and at the same time bioremediation including phytoremediation should be devised which is environmental friendly to tackle the increasing menace in environment. Air pollutants and emerging contaminants are new stress which are impacting crop production and their detail understanding is further required with location-specific remediation measures.

Keywords

Above ground biomass Nutritional deficiency Oxidative stress Heavy metal pollution 

References

  1. Abeyratne VDK, Ileperuma OA (2006) Impact of ambient air pollutants on the stomatal aperture of Argyreiapopulifolia. Ceylon J Sci 35(1):9–15Google Scholar
  2. Andresen E, Küpper H (2013) Cadmium toxicity in plants. In: Cadmium: from toxicity to essentiality. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 395–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arnon DJ (1954) Trace elements in plant physiology. In: Wallace T (ed) Chronica botanica. Chronica Botanica, Waltham, MAGoogle Scholar
  4. ASTDR (2011) Agency for toxic substances and disease registry case studies in environmental medicine (CSEM) cadmium toxicity course: WB 1096 originalGoogle Scholar
  5. Azevedo R, Rodriguez E (2012) Phytotoxicity of mercury in plants: a review. J Bot 2012:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Benavides MP, Gallego SM, Tomaro ML (2005) Cadmium toxicity in plants. Braz J Plant Physiol 17(1):21–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boening DW (2000) Ecological effects, transport, and fate of mercury: a general review. Chemosphere 40(12):1335–1351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Boxall ABA (2012) New and emerging water pollutants arising from agriculture. OECD, ParisGoogle Scholar
  9. Brown PH, Bellaloui N, Wimmer MA, Bassil ES, Ruiz J, Hu H, Pfeffer H, Dannel F, Römheld V (2002) Boron in plant biology. Plant Biol (Stuttg) 4(2):205–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Broadley MR, White PJ, Hammond JP, Zelko I, Lux A (2007) Zinc in plants. New Phytol 173:677–702CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Cartwright B, Hallsworth EG (1970) Effects of copper deficiency on root nodules of subterranean clover. Plant Soil 33(1–3):685–698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chen C, Huang D, Liu J (2009) Functions and toxicity of nickel in plants: recent advances and future prospects. Clean 37(4–5):304–313Google Scholar
  13. Clarkson TW, Magos L (2006) The toxicology of mercury and its chemical compounds. Crit Rev Toxicol 36(8):609–662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dubey R, Upadhyaya A, Singh AK, Mondal S, Ajay K, Shukla RR (2018) Assessment of arsenic content in water, soil and plant samples of Patna. J AgriSearch 5(4):254–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fahr M, Laplaze L, Bendaou N, Hocher V, El Mzibri M, Bogusz D, Smouni A (2013) Effect of lead on root growth. Front Plant Sci 4:175CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Farooq M, Wahid A, Kadambot HM (2012) Siddique micronutrient application through seed treatments—a review. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 12(1):125–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Feng R, Wei C, Tu S, Ding Y, Wang R, Guo J (2013) The uptake and detoxification of antimony by plants: a review. Environ Exp Bot 96:28–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Finnegan P, Weihua C (2012) Arsenic toxicity: the effects on plant metabolism. Front Physiol 3:182CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Garg N, Singla P (2011) Arsenic toxicity in crop plants: physiological effects and tolerance mechanisms. Environ Chem Lett 9:303–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gavrilescu M, Demnerová K, Aamand J, Agathos S, Fava F (2015) Emerging pollutants in the environment: present and future challenges in biomonitoring, ecological risks and bioremediation. N Biotechnol 32(1):147–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gill SS, Tuteja N (2011) Cadmium stress tolerance in crop plants: probing the role of sulfur. Plant Signal Behav 6(2):215–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gupta UC (1979) Boron nutrition of crops. Adv Agron 31:273–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gupta AP (2005) Micronutrient status and fertilizer use scenario in India. J Trace Elem Med Biol 18:325–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hafeez B, Khanif YM, Saleem M (2013) Role of zinc in plant nutrition—a review. Am J Exp Agric 3(2):374–391Google Scholar
  25. Hajiboland R (2011) Abiotic stress responses in plants. In: Effect of micronutrient deficiencies on plants stress responses. Springer, Berlin, pp 283–329Google Scholar
  26. Hassan FI, Niaz K, Khan F, Maqbool F, Abdollahi M (2017) The relation between rice consumption, arsenic contamination, and prevalence of diabetes in South Asia. EXCLI J 16:1132PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. Heath RL, Lefohn AS, Musselman RC (2009) Temporal processes that contribute to nonlinearity in vegetation responses to ozone exposure and dose. Atmos Environ 43:2919–2928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hossain K, ShlreneQuaik GP, Yadav S, Maruthi YA, Rafatullah M, Mohammed Nasir M, Ismail N (2015) Arsenic fate in the ground water and its effect on soil-crop systems. Res J Environ Toxicol 9(5):231–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Huttunen S, Laine K (1983) Effects of air-borne pollutants on the surface wax structure of Pinussylvestris needles. Ann Bot Fennici 20:79–86Google Scholar
  30. Israr M, Sahi S, Datta R, Sarkar D (2006) Bioaccumulation and physiological effects of mercury in Sesbaniadrummondii. Chemosphere 65(4):591–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jacobsen JS, Jasper CD (1991) Diagnosis of nutrient deficiencies in alfalfa and wheat, vol 43. Montana State University, Extension Service, MontanaGoogle Scholar
  32. Knabe W (1976) Effects of sulfur dioxide on terrestrial vegetation. J Hum Environ 5:213–218Google Scholar
  33. Kobayashi J (1970) Relation between THE ‘ITAI-ITAI’ disease and the pollution of river water by cadmium from a mine. Proceedings of 5th International Water Pol/ut. Res. Cdnl San Francisco 1-25:1–7Google Scholar
  34. Levitt J (1972) Responses of plants to environmental stresses. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  35. Liu D, Zou J, Wang M, Jiang W (2008) Hexavalent chromium uptake and its effects on mineral uptake, antioxidant defence system and photosynthesis in Amaranthusviridis L. Bioresour Technol 99(7):2628–2636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Malhotra SK, Srivastava AK (2015) Fertilizer requirement of Indian horticulture an analysis. Indian J Fertil 11(7):16–25Google Scholar
  37. Manna D, Maity TK, Ghosal A (2014) Influence of foliar application of boron and zinc on growth, yield and bulb quality of onion (Allium cepa L.). J Crop Weed 10(1):53–55Google Scholar
  38. Marschner H (1997) Introduction, definition, and classification of mineral nutrients. In: Mineral nutrition of higher plants, 2nd edn. Academic Press, London, pp 3–5Google Scholar
  39. Masuthi DA, Vyakaranahal BS, Deshpande VK (2009) Influence of pelleting with micronutrients and botanical on growth, seed yield and quality of vegetable cowpea. Karnataka. J Agric Sci 22:898–900Google Scholar
  40. McCauley A (2009) Plant nutrient functions and deficiency and toxicity symptoms. Nutrient Management Module No. 9. Montana State University ExtensionGoogle Scholar
  41. Neinhuis C, Barthlott W (1998) Seasonal changes of leaf surface contamination in beech, oak, and ginkgo in relation to leaf micromorphology and wettability. New Phytol 138(1):91–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Nriagu JO, Bhattacharya P, Mukherjee AB, Bundschuh J, Zevenhoven R, Loeppert RH (2007) Arsenic in soil and groundwater: an overview. Trace Metals Contam Environ 9:3–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Oliveira H (2012) Chromium as an environmental pollutant: insights on induced plant toxicity. J Bot 2012:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Panda SK, Choudhury S (2005) Chromium stress in plants. Braz J Plant Physiol 17(1):95–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Patil BC, Hosamani RM, Ajjappalavara PS, Naik BH, Smitha RP, Ukkund KC (2008) Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on growth and yield components of tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.). Karnataka J Agric Sci 21(3):428–430Google Scholar
  46. Pilon M, Abdel-Ghany SE, Cohu CM, Gogolin KA, Ye H (2006) Copper cofactor delivery in plant cells. Curr Opin Plant Biol 9:256–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Plant JA, Voulvoulis N, Vala Ragnarsdottir K (eds) (2012) Pollutants, human health and the environment: a risk based approach. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  48. Plochl M, Lyons T, Ollerenshaw J, Barnes J (2000) Simulating ozone detoxifi cation in the leaf apoplast through the direct reaction with ascorbate. Planta 210(3):454–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Pourrut B, Shahid M, Dumat C, Winterton P, Pinelli E (2011) Lead uptake, toxicity, and detoxification in plants. In: Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology, vol 213. Springer, New York, pp 113–136Google Scholar
  50. Pushnik JC, Miller GW (1989) Iron regulation of chloroplast photosynthetic function: Mediation of PS I development. J Plant Nutr 12(4):407–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Ragsdale SW (1998) Nickel biochemistry. Curr Opin Chem Biol 2:208–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Rahul J, Jain MK (2014) An investigation in to the impact of particulate matter on vegetation along the national highway: a review. Res J Environ Sci 8(7):356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Rai A, Kulshrestha K (2006) Effect of particulates generated from automobile emission on some common plants. J Food Agric Environ 4(1):253Google Scholar
  54. Rai P, Mishra RM (2013) Effect of urban air pollution on epidermal traits of road side tree species, Pongamiapinnata (L.) Merr. J Environ Sci Toxicol Food Technol 2(6):2319–2402Google Scholar
  55. Rai R, Rajput M, Agrawal M, Agrawal SB (2011) Gaseous air pollutants: a review on current and future trends of emissions and impact on agriculture. J Sci Res 55:77–102Google Scholar
  56. Robinson MF, Heath J, Mansfield TA (1998) Disturbances in stomatal behaviour caused by air pollutants. J Exp Bot 49:461–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Roychowdhury T, Tokunaga H, Uchino T, Ando M (2005) Effect of arsenic contaminated irrigation water on agricultural land soil and plants in West Bengal, India. Chemosphere 58:799–810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Sanita di Toppi L, Gabbrielli R (1999) Response to cadmium in higher plants. Environ Exp Bot 41(2):105–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Satyanarayana G, Pushpalatha K, Acharya UH (1990) Dust loading and leaf morphological trait changes of plants growing in automobile polluted area. Adv Plant Sci 3(1):125–130Google Scholar
  60. Schmidt SB, Jensen PE, Husted S (2016) Manganese deficiency in plants: the impact on photosystem II. Trends Plant Sci 21(7):622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Sharma PD (2012) Ecology and environment. Rastogi Publications, MeerutGoogle Scholar
  62. Sharma P, Dubey RS (2005) Lead toxicity in plants. Braz J Plant Physiol 17(1):35–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Shukla AK, Tiwari PK, Prakash C (2014) Micronutrients deficiencies vis-a-vis food and nutritional security of India. Indian J Fertil 10:94–112Google Scholar
  64. Sidhu GPS (2016) Heavy metal toxicity in soils: sources, remediation technologies and challenges. Adv Plants Agric Res 5(1):445–446Google Scholar
  65. Sillanpaa M (1990) Micronutrient assessment at the country level: an international study. FAO soils bulletin 63. FAO/Finnish International Development Agency, RomeGoogle Scholar
  66. Singh MV (2008) Micronutrient deficiencies in crops and soils in India. In: Alloway BJ (ed) Micronutrient deficiencies in global crop production. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  67. Singh HP, Mahajan P, Kaur S, Batish DR, Kohli RK (2013) Chromium toxicity and tolerance in plants. Environ Chem Lett 11(3):229–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Sundar S, Chakravarty J (2010) Antimony toxicity. Int J Environ Res Public Health 7(12):4267–4277CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  69. Sundaramoorthy P, Chidambaram A, Ganesh KS, Unnikannan P, Baskaran L (2010) Chromium stress in paddy: (i) nutrient status of paddy under chromium stress; (ii) phytoremediation of chromium by aquatic and terrestrial weeds. C R Biol 333(8):597–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Tausz M, Grulke NE, Wieser G (2007) Defense and avoidance of ozone under global change. Environ Pollut 147(3):525–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Taylor GE (1978) Plant and leaf resistance to gaseous air pollution stress. New Phytol 80:523–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Tchounwou PB, Yedjou CG, Patlolla AK, Sutton DJ (2012) Heavy metal toxicity and the environment. In: Molecular, clinical and environmental toxicology. Springer, Basel, pp 133–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Tiwari S, Lata C (2018) Heavy metal stress, signaling, and tolerance due to plant-associated microbes: an overview. Front Plant Sci 9:452CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  74. White JG, Zasoski RJ (1999) Mapping soil micronutrients. Field Crop Res 60:11–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Wuana RA, Okieimen FE (2011) Heavy metals in contaminated soils: a review of sources, chemistry, risks and best available strategies for remediation. ISRN Ecol 2011:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rachana Dubey
    • 1
  • Dipak Kumar Gupta
    • 2
  • Gulshan Kumar Sharma
    • 3
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Water ManagementBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research StationPali-MarwarIndia
  3. 3.National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Regional CentreJorhatIndia

Personalised recommendations