The Insincere “Peacefully Opening the City”

  • Zhaoqi ChengEmail author


According to the records of December 9th and 10th in The Diaries of John Rabe, The Diaries of Vautrin and Records of the Three Months after the Fell of Nanjing, the orders of the Japanese 9th division after recommendation on Peacefully Opening the City, the “wartime records” of the 6th Division and the “combat process” of the 11th Division, this paper reveals that the Japanese army issued the “recommendation of peacefully opening the city” on December 9th, and “The Japanese Army started the attack” only after the Chinese side failed to response till 1 p.m. the next day, which originated from the Tokyo Trial, was totally a falsehood.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations