A Study of the Massacre Order for Japanese Troops

  • Zhaoqi ChengEmail author


65 years ago after the occupation of Nanjing, Japanese army massacred Chinese captives. Were the atrocities independent action by troops at grassroots level or subject to a top-down order? The incompleteness of existing documents has brought difficulties to the identification and thus Japanese frictionalists deny the massacre was subject to a top-down order. But through examining the existing records of the Japanese military organizations and the personal records of Japanese military officials, it can be proved that the relevant words in Kesago Nakajima’s diary, Yamada Senji’s diary and the detailed battle report of the 1st Battalion of the 66th Regiment are records about the slaughter order.

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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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