• Donette Francis


In 1802, two French generals captured Toussaint Louverture, the black slave turned revolutionary leader, and made a significant archival discovery: they found among his belongings a box with a “false bottom,” which included “locks of hair of all colors, rings, golden hearts punctured with arrows, little keys,” along with an “infinity of sweet notes.” The discovery of these keepsakes left no doubt in the generals’ minds about “the success the old Toussaint Louverture had achieved in love!” Anxious to banish any notion of the possibility of sexual liaisons between black men and white women on the island, “before looking too closely at what they had found,” they chose to destroy by burning and throwing into the ocean “every trace of these shameful memories.” After all, as ruler of the French republic and its colonial outposts, Napoleon Bonaparte had instructed his generals in Haiti to deport back to France all white women who had “prostituted themselves to negros.”1


White Woman Dominican Republic Sexual Agency Woman Writer Conventional Romance 
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© Donette Francis 2010

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  • Donette Francis

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