• Kofi Oteng Kufuor


The African human rights system can be described as consisting of three sets of interlocking laws and organizations: first it consists of the mesh of human rights-specific charters, protocols, declarations, and decisions of human rights tribunals, the product of deliberate decision-making by the Organization of African Unity1 (OAU) and its successor the African Union (AU).2 Second, the African human rights system also includes the human rights provisions of treaties that primarily, do not deal with the protection and promotion of human rights, especially subregional economic integration treaties and the decisions of tribunals and courts established under these treaties. Third, the African human rights system can also be expanded to include developments within the domestic jurisdiction of the members’ of the system that draw on developments emanating from the regional level.


Rational Choice Institutionalist Theory African Government African Union Historical Institutionalism 
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  1. 3.
    See, U. Oji Umozurike, The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (1997), Martinus Nijhoff Publishers: The Hague; Boston, p.24.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    The major conferences are reprinted in Claude E. Welch Jr. and Ronald Meltzer (eds.), Human Rights and Development in Africa (1984) State University of New York Press: Albany, New York, p.338.Google Scholar
  3. 13.
    On realist theory and the role of power in international relations Jack Donnelly, Realism and International Relations (2000) Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, especially Chapter 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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