The Future Direction of the African Human Rights System
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It was that leading Ordoliberal scholar1 Wilhelm Ropke who, commenting on why measures to tackle the Great Depression of the 1930s failed, noted that although the problem was cast as a failure of international trade, the solution lay in the opening of markets at the national level. It was only when this was done that the numerous international conferences organized by the leading statesmen and bankers at the time would have any meaningful impact on the lives of people.2 Ropke and other Ordoliberals did not mean to denigrate internationalism; what they did set out to achieve however was to underscore the point that international efforts alone to revive the world economy without similar national measures would achieve nothing. The national and international were connected, welded together as one whole and any international measures to end the Depression were bound to fail. Thus liberalism that began from below was the solution to durable liberalism above.
KeywordsSexual Orientation National Court State Party Respondent State Constitutional Order
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- 33.This position was the result of a number of factors. See Kofi Oteng Kufuor, The Institutional Transformation of the Economic Community of West African States (2006) Ashgate: Aldershot.Google Scholar
- 34.See generally, Hedley Bull, The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics (2002, 3rd ed.) Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- 66.See Christina Cerna, “Commission Organizations and Petitions” in David Harris and Livingstone (eds.) The Inter-American System of Human Rights (1998) Oxford University Press: Oxford, p.65.Google Scholar
- 78.The ability of decision-makers to take bold steps when unencumbered by social pressures generated by special interest groups is at the heart of the institutionalist theory we drew attention to in chapter one of this book. See Mancur Olson, The Rise and Decline of Nations: Economic Growth, Stagflation and Social Rigidities (1982) Yale University Press: New Haven and London.Google Scholar