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Introduction

  • Hafizullah Emadi
Chapter
  • 88 Downloads

Abstract

Afghanistan is a country with diverse geography, people, civilizations, and political history that gained international attention with the Soviet invasion of the country in December 1979. It then faded from the spotlight after the Soviet troop withdrawal. It recaptured international attention after supporters of the Islamic fundamentalist organization, Al-Qaeda, who were sheltered and supported by the Taliban, attacked the World Trade Center buildings in New York and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, using commercial airliners as weapons of mass destruction. Afghanistan became a pariah state and writers, scholars, and the Western media depicted Afghanistan as a safe haven for terrorists associated with Islamic fundamentalists. These one-dimensional views and analyses provided a distorted picture of the country, its people, and its history. Islamic fundamentalists are not representative of the country and its people.

Keywords

Political Development Imperial Power Armed Struggle Islamic Fundamentalist Soviet Occupation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Rudyard Kipling, Barrack-Room Ballads (New York: New American Library, 2003), 39.Google Scholar
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    Ali Amini Najafi, “Khaterati yak Faal-e Hizb-e-Tudeh-e Iran az Kodata-e Saur” [Memoirs of an active Hizb-e-Tudeh of Iran from the April Coup], BBC News (April 27, 2008), www.bbc.co.uk/persian/afghanistan/story/2008/04/080425_v-coup-iranian-kabul-iv.shtml (accessed October 26, 2008). Pro-Soviet Hizb-e-Tudeh such as Mohsin Hamidian and a number of his friends fled from Iran to Moscow. The Soviet leadership sent them to Kabul during the Soviet occupation, where they worked for several years, including work at Radio Zahmatkashan that broadcast news from Kabul.Google Scholar
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    Mark Galeotti, Afghanistan: The Soviet Union’s Last War (London: Frank Cass, 1995), 148.Google Scholar
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    Mustafa Danish, “Khaterati az Akhirin Didar ba Babrak Karmal” [Memoirs of the last meeting with Babrak Karmal], BBC News (December 21, 2004), www.bbc.co.uk/persian/afghanistan/story/2004/12/041220_aa_mdanesh.shtml (accessed October 26, 2008).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Khayr Mohammad Baygan, Dastanha-e-chand az Tarikh-e Siyasi Afghanistan [A few stories from the political history of Afghanistan] (Peshawar, Pakistan: Maiwand Publication Centre, 1999), 298–99.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Hafizullah Emadi 2010

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  • Hafizullah Emadi

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