Dawn of Political Liberalization

  • Hafizullah Emadi


The post-World War II era necessitated political changes in the international arena and also impacted political development in Afghanistan. Middle-class intellectuals were agitating for societal justice, freedom of association, and improved opportunities for lower-income social groups. People did not believe that Hashim, who single-handedly ruled the country for seventeen years as a royal dictator, would step down, but they welcomed his resignation anyway, naively believing that a new chapter had opened in their lives. The ruling family also welcomed Hashim’s resignation, as his authoritarian style of leadership created a distance between the ruling family and the public. A new leader was needed in order to reduce the possibility of public revolt against the monarchy. The ruling family considered King Zahir’s uncle, Shah Mahmood, to be an ideal person for the job and appointed him prime minister.


Prime Minister Political Development Progressive Democratic Party Parliamentary Election Ruling Family 
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© Hafizullah Emadi 2010

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  • Hafizullah Emadi

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