Advertisement

Obligations Erga Omnes and the Actio Popularis

  • Harry D. Gould
Chapter
  • 78 Downloads

Abstract

Chapter 3 addressed categorical obligations, but showed that simple assertions of the universality of jus cogens rules did not fit within the current normative complex, which is still predominantly wed to the specificity of obligations. This chapter turns to the reemergence of obligations that are conceptualized not as bilateral, as has been dominant under Positivism, but as obligations that are owed generally; they are obligations erga omnes.3

Keywords

Legal Action Procedural Rule Traditional Rule Legal Interest Permanent Sovereignty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Michael Byers, “Conceptualizing the Relationship Between Jus Cogens and Erga Omnes Rules,” Nordic Journal of International Law 66 (1997): 238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Christian Tarns, Enforcing Obligations Erga Omnes in International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), 158.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    René Lefeber, “Cum Grano Salis,” Leiden Journal of International Law 11 (1998): 5.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    A. J. J. de Hoogh, Obligations Erga Omnes and International Crimes: A Theoretical Inquiry into the Implementation and Enforcement of the International Responsibility of States (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 1996), 54.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Maurizio Ragazzi, The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes (Oxford: Oxford University Press (Clarendon Press), 1997);Google Scholar
  6. Kriangsak Kittichaisaree, International Criminal Law (Oxford University Press, 2001), 11–13;Google Scholar
  7. R. St. J. MacDonald, “Fundamental Norms in Contemporary International Law,” Canadian Yearbook of International Law 25 (1987): 136–139;Google Scholar
  8. Olivia Lopez Pegna, “Counter-claims and Obligations Erga Omnes before the International Court of Justice,” European Journal of International Law 9/4 (1998): 724–736;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Christian Tomuschat and Jean-Marc Thouvenin, eds, The Fundamental Rules of the International Legal Order: Jus Cogens and Obligations Erga Omnes (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2006), 26;Google Scholar
  10. 8.
    M. Sherif Bassiouni, “Universal Jurisdiction for International Crimes: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Practice,” Virginia Journal of International Law 42 (2001): 88;Google Scholar
  11. Alfred P. Rubin, “Actio Popularis, Jus Cogens, and Offenses Erga Omnes?New England Law Review 35 (2001): 268.Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    Terry Gill, ed. Rosenne’s The World Court 6th ed. (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2003), 138.Google Scholar
  13. 35.
    Christine Chinkin, “East Timor Moves into the World Court,” European Journal of International Law 4 (1993): 211.Google Scholar
  14. 36.
    Vaughan Lowe, “The International Court in a Timorous Mood,” Cambridge Law Journal 54 (1995): 484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 37.
    Christine Chinkin, “The East Timor Case (Portugal v. Australia),” International and Comparative Law Quarterly 45 (1996): 717.Google Scholar
  16. 41.
    Iain G.M. Scobbie and Catriona Drew, “Self-Determination Undermined: The Case of East Timor,” Leiden Journal of International Law 9 (1996): 190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Richard Burchill, “The ICJ Decision in the Case Concerning East Timor: The Illegal Use of Force Validated?” Journal of Armed Conflict Law 2 (1997): 1–16;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 49.
    Nigel White and Ademola Abass, “Countermeasures and Sanctions,” in Malcolm Evans, ed., International Law 2nd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), 514.Google Scholar
  19. 57.
    Hannikainen, 207; M. Sherif Bassiouni, “International Crimes: Jus Cogens and Obligatio Erga Omnes,” Law and Contemporary Problems 59 (1996): 63, 65–66; Kadelbach, pp. 25–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Harry D. Gould 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry D. Gould

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations