Assimilation or Integration of the Jews in Italy
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The process of Jewish integration began with the Emancipation and continued until the unification of Italy (1860 70). The Emancipation of the Jews in Italy began prior to the French Revolution and the Declaration of the Rights of Man in September 1791, which, together with the Napoleonic Wars, changed the entire European order. Napoleon’s troops spread the ideas of the Revolution—freedom, equality, and fraternity—throughout Europe, and these persisted even after his army was vanquished. The aspiration for national freedom and the new spirit of patriotism and fraternity influenced the Jews as well, leading to their active participation in the Italian liberation movement, the Risorgimento (Reawakening) and, subsequently, in World War I.
KeywordsJewish Community Zionist Movement Jewish Identity Jewish Education Mixed Marriage
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