Advertisement

Worldwide Real Freedom for All

  • Myron J. Frankman
Chapter
  • 9 Downloads
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

The roots of my advocacy of a planet-wide citizen’s income can be traced back to at least two elements from my early professional experience in the latter half of the 1960s. One influence was a volume edited by Robert Theobald on a guaranteed income that formed part of a debate on the possibility of introducing a negative income tax in the US at that time.1 The other was the discourse that continues to this day about providing adequate financial support to developing countries. I have come to believe that a basic income guarantee extended to all members of the human family, not just to those in one country, could bring these two elements together.

Keywords

Capita Income United Nations Development Programme Human Development Report Social Reproduction Basic Income 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Robert Theobald, The Guaranteed Income: Next Step in Economic Evolution? (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1996).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Robert S. McNamara, ‘Foreword’, World Bank, World Development Report 1978 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1978), p. iii.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Thomas Paine, ‘The Rights of Man’, Mark Philp, ed., Thomas Paine: Rights of Man; Common sense; and Other Writings (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), p. 20.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Friedrich Hayek, The Road to Serfdom (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1944).Google Scholar
  5. John Kenneth Galbraith, American Capitalism: The Concept of Countervailing Power (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1952).Google Scholar
  6. Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time (Boston: Beacon Press, 1957).Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Human Development Report 1999 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), p. 38.Google Scholar
  8. See also Lant Pritchett, ‘Divergence, Big Time’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11 (1997), pp. 3–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 10.
    John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy, 5th London edn (New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1865), II, p. 338.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen, Hunger and Public Action (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    Eduardo Matarazzo Suplicy, Renda de Cidadania: A Saída é Pela Porta (São Paulo: Cortez: Fundação Perseu Abramo, 2002).Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    Phillippe Van Parijs, Short History of Basic Income (2003), http://www.bien.be/BI/HistoryBI.htm.Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    Thomas Paine, ‘Agrarian Justice’ (1796), Mark Philp, ed., Thomas Paine: Rights of Man, Common Sense and Other Political Writings (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 417–19.Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy, 5th London edn (New York: D. Appleton & Co, 1865), I, pp. 321–38.Google Scholar
  15. 18.
    ThorsteinVeblen, The Vested Interests and the Common Man (New York: B.W. Huebsch, 1919), pp. 56–59.Google Scholar
  16. 19.
    Jan Tinbergen, coordinator, Reshaping the International Order: A Report to the Club of Rome (New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1976), p. 123.Google Scholar
  17. 20.
    Myron J. Frankman, ‘International Taxation: The Trajectory of an Idea from Lorimer to Brandt’, World Development, 24 (May 1996), pp. 807–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 21.
    Paul Streeten, ‘A New Look at Foreign Aid’, Frontiers of Development Studies (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1972), p. 301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 22.
    Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962).Google Scholar
  20. 24.
    R. Buckminster Fuller, Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1969), pp. 107–108.Google Scholar
  21. 28.
    Branko Milanovic, ‘True World Income Distribution, 1988 and 1993: First Calculations Based on Household Surveys Alone’, Economic Journal, 112 (2002), p. 73. In the absence of evidence to the contrary and given the likely level of error in estimates of both world income and its distribution, it is reasonable to treat income recipients and households as equivalent.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 29.
    Kevin Phillips, ‘Too Much Wealth, Too Little Democracy’, Challenge, 45 (Sept./Oct. 2002), pp. 6–20.Google Scholar
  23. 36.
    See also Bertrand Russell, In Praise of Idleness: and other essays by Bertrand Russell (New York: Norton, 1935).Google Scholar
  24. 38.
    I.F. Stone, The War Years 1939–1945 (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1988), p. 277.Google Scholar
  25. 39.
    Robert B. Reich, ‘The Challenge of Decent Work’, International Labour Review, 141 (2002), p. 115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 41.
    For a discussion of the unique nature of the experience of the ‘Gang of Four,’ see William Cline, ‘Can the East Asian Model of Development be Generalized’, World Development, 10 (1982), pp. 81–90;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. and Fernando Fajnzylber, ‘Some Reflections on South-East Asian Export Industrialization’, CEPAL Review, 15 (December 1981), pp. 111–32.Google Scholar
  28. 43.
    See, for example, Myron J. Frankman and Edwin Charlé, ‘Employment in the Service Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Journal of Modern African Studies, 11 (1973), pp. 201–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Werner Baer and Larry Samuelson, ‘Toward a Service-Oriented Growth Strategy’, World Development, 9 (June 1981), pp. 499–514;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. and Albert Berry, ‘A Positive Interpretation of the Expansion of Urban Services in Latin America, with some Colombian Evidence’, Journal of Development Studies, 14 (January 1978), pp. 210–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 44.
    Angus Maddison, ‘Economic Growth and Structural Change in the Advanced Countries’, in I. Leveson and J. Wheeler, eds, Western Economies in Transition: Structural Change and Adjustment Policies in Industrial Countries (Boulder: Westview Press, 1980), p. 95Google Scholar
  32. 46.
    See Vandana Shiva, Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution and Profit (Toronto: Between the Lines, 2001).Google Scholar
  33. 48.
    Harry Pearson, ‘The Economy Has No Surplus’, in Karl Polanyi, Conrad M. Arensberg, and Harry W. Pearson, eds, Trade and Market in Early Empires: Economies in History and Theory (New York: Free Press, 1957).Google Scholar
  34. 54.
    Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica, Anuário Estatístico do Brasil 1978 (Rio de Janeiro, 1978), pp. 148–55.Google Scholar
  35. 56.
    Anthony H. Richmond, Global Apartheid: Refugees, Racism, and the New World Order (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1994), p. 217.Google Scholar
  36. 58.
    C. Wright Mills, The Sociological Imagination (New York: Oxford University Press, 1959).Google Scholar
  37. 59.
    Phillipe Van Parijs, Real Freedom for All: What (If Anything) Can Justify Capitalism? Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  38. 60.
    Myron J. Frankman, ‘No Global War? A Role for Democratic Global Federalism’, Journal of World-Systems Research, 3:2 (1997), pp. 321–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Myron J. Frankman 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Myron J. Frankman
    • 1
  1. 1.McGill UniversityCanada

Personalised recommendations