Advertisement

From the Outside in: George H.W. Bush and the Persian Gulf War, August 1990–January 1991

  • Andrea K. Grove
Chapter
  • 73 Downloads

Abstract

In early August 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait and offered up a challenge to President George H.W. Bush’s hopes for a new world order in the wake of the unraveling Soviet bloc. Instead of handling this crisis with its former ally in the Gulf alone, the Bush administration chose to enlist a broad segment of the international community to expel Saddam Hussein’s army from Kuwait and prevent an attack on Saudi Arabia. In fact, domestic opposition was one of the largest obstacles as Bush sought to move ahead with military force; dealing with that resistance posed a puzzle for the president and his advisors. One observer noted after the 1991 Persian Gulf War that “military schools will long be studying Schwarzkopf’s march through the Gulf. Government schools will be studying Bush’s march through Washington.”1 In this case study, we explore not only how President George Herbert Walker Bush marshaled improbable support from within the United States for military mobilization in the Persian Gulf region, but also from the international community. By using the four strategies, he managed both through intermestic policy making. A brief history of events is provided in the next section, which highlights the obstacles George Bush faced in 1990. The chronology at the end of the chapter summarizes many of these events.

Keywords

Saudi Arabia Security Council Bush Administration Economic Sanction Security Council Resolution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Joseph S. Nye, Jr. and Roger K. Smith, After the Storm: Lessons from the Gulf War (Lanham, M.D.: Madison Books, 1992): 181.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    George H.W. Bush and Brent Scowcroft, A World Transformed (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998): 303.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Larry Berman and Bruce Jentleson, “Bush and the Post-Cold-War World: New Challenges for American Leadership,” in The Bush Presidency: First Appraisals, edited by Colin Campbell and Bert A. Rockman (Chatham, NJ: Chatham House Publishers, 1991): 120.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Lawrence Freedman and Ephraim Karsh, The Gulf Conflict, 1990–1991: Diplomacy and War in the New World Order (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993): 25–26.Google Scholar
  5. 24.
    Jeanne Butterfield, “U.S. Aid to Israel: Funding Occupation in the Aftermath of the Gulf War,” in Beyond the Storm: A Gulf Crisis Reader, edited by Phyllis Bennis and Michel Moushabeck (New York: Olive Branch Press, 1991): 103–104.Google Scholar
  6. 26.
    James A. Baker, III with Thomas M. DeFrank, The Politics of Diplomacy: Revolution War and Peace, 1989–1992 (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1995): 331.Google Scholar
  7. 30.
    Bob Woodward, The Commanders (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991): 36.Google Scholar
  8. 32.
    Steve A. Yetiv, The Persian Gulf Crisis (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997): 65.Google Scholar
  9. 62.
    Phyllis Bennis, “False Consensus: George Bush’s United Nations,” Beyond the Storm: A Gulf Crisis Reader, edited by Phyllis Bennis and Michel Moushabeck (New York: Olive Branch Press, 1991): 119.Google Scholar
  10. 92.
    John Mueller, “American Public Opinion and the Gulf War,” in The Political Psychology of the Gulf War: Leaders, Publics, and the Process of Conflict, edited by Stanley Renshon (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993): 206.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Andrea K. Grove 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea K. Grove

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations