Resisting Change: Mugabe Against the People’s Struggle in Zimbabwe, 1998–2005

  • Andrea K. Grove


Robert Mugabe, trained as a school teacher much like John Hume, carries the distinction of being Zimbabwe’s greatest savior and its darkest nightmare. In 1980, 20 years of grinding civil war in Zimbabwe came to an end and freedom fighter Robert Mugabe led his nation to liberation from white colonial rule. The entire world watched with the highest hopes as this resource-rich nation embarked on creating a nonracial democracy and an economic example for the rest of the continent. As the twenty-first century dawned, a tragic turn of events finds Zimbabwe—still led by Mugabe—in political, economic, and social free-fall. The hopes that this independence leader could carry the southern African nation of 12 million into a peaceful adolescence have been crashed on the rocks of poverty and selfish rule. In 1998, massive protests rocked the nation and galvanized support for the opposition trade union movement. The following year, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) emerged to push for a multiparty democracy. Despite international and domestic support for the MDC, and against all trends in the region, Mugabe managed to strengthen his grip. In fact, while his unpopularity at home peaked in the first few years of the millennium, by 2004 Mugabe’s skillful intermestic policy making reversed some of his most significant losses.


European Union International Monetary Fund Presidential Election Land Reform Southern African Development Community 
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© Andrea K. Grove 2007

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  • Andrea K. Grove

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