Politics in Plural, 1971–1976

  • John King
Part of the Studies of the Americas book series (STAM)


On 30 November 1971 Paz wrote to Tomás Segovia about an article that he had just read in the New York Times that discussed the clashes between the government and guerrilla groups in Mexico. In the early months of the Echeverría regime, his self-styled “democratic opening” was being tested by groups who felt that the most appropriate response to government repression post-1968 was armed resistance.1 Similar groups begin to emerge throughout Latin America at this time, most visibly in Argentina and Uruguay and on the fringes of the Popular Unity government in Chile. In his letter, Paz makes a number of points that help us understand his political thinking at the time.


Foreign Policy International Affair Military Coup Soviet System Guerrilla Group 
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3 Politics in Plural, 1971

  1. 1.
    See Sergio Zermeño, “Intellectuals and the State in the ‘Lost Decade,’” in Mexico: Dilemmas of Transition, ed. Neil Harvey (London: Institute of Latin American Studies, 1993), 279–298.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carlos Fuentes, Tiempo mexicano (Mexico City: Joaquín Mortiz, 1971).Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Carlos Fuentes, “Opciones críticas en el verano de nuestro descontento,” Plural 11 (August 1972): 3–9. Further references will appear in parentheses in the text.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    Gabriel Zaid, “Carta a Carlos Fuentes,” Plural 12 (September 1972): 53. Further references will appear in parentheses in the text.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    José Emilio Pachecho, “México 1972. Los escritores y la política,” Plural 13 (October 1972): 25. Further references to this special issues appear in parentheses in the text.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    Jaime Sánchez Sussarey, El debate politico e intelectual en México (Mexico City: Grijalbo, 1993), 33–34.Google Scholar
  7. 12.
    Octavio Paz, “La pregunta de Carlos Fuentes,” Plural 14 (November 1972): 8.Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    Enrique Krauze, Daniel Cosío Villegas:una biografía intelectual (Mexico City: Joaquín Mortiz, 1980), 262.Google Scholar
  9. 14.
    Daniel Cosío Villegas, “Política: acción estudiada y estudio accionado,” Plural 7 (April 1972): 4.Google Scholar
  10. 15.
    Rafael Segovia and Daniel Cosío Villegas, “¿Controversia?” Plural 18 (March 1973): 13–14.Google Scholar
  11. 16.
    Daniel Cosío Villegas, Memorias (Mexico City: Joaquín Mortiz, 1976), 294.Google Scholar
  12. 17.
    Daniel Cosío Villegas, “Pasan atropelladamente periódicos, gobierno e intelectuales,” Plural 32 (April 1974): 62.Google Scholar
  13. 19.
    Julio Scherer, Los presidentes (Mexico City: Grijalbo, 1986), 80.Google Scholar
  14. 21.
    Daniel Cosío Villegas, El estilo personal de gobernar (Mexico City: Joaquín Mortiz, 1974), 125.Google Scholar
  15. 22.
    Octavio Paz, “Daniel Cosío Villegas: las ilusiones y las convicciones,” Plural 55 (April 1976): 80.Google Scholar
  16. 23.
    See Gabriel Zaid, “Este era un gato,” in Cómo leer en bicicleta: problemas de la cultura y el poder en México (Mexico City: Joaquín Mortiz, 2nd edition, 1979), which contains a number of these Plural essays.Google Scholar
  17. 25.
    Gabriel Zaid, “Anacrónico y hasta impertinente,” Plural 40 (January 1975): 73.Google Scholar
  18. 27.
    Gabriel Zaid, “Frágil: cuidado al acarrear,” Plural 35 (August 1974): 80.Google Scholar
  19. 29.
    Gabriel Zaid, “Tres momentos de la cultura en México,” Plural 43 (April 1975): 16.Google Scholar
  20. 30.
    Gabriel Zaid, “Para entender la política mexicana,” Plural 48 (September 1975): 50.Google Scholar
  21. 32.
    Octavio Paz, “Carta a Adolfo Gilly,” Plural 5 (February 1972): 16.Google Scholar
  22. 33.
    John Womack, Frederick C. Turner, and Octavio Paz, “México: pre-sente y futuro,” Plural 6 (March 1972): 3–8.Google Scholar
  23. 35.
    Octavio Paz, “Entre Viriato y Fántomas,” Plural 21 (June 1973): 40.Google Scholar
  24. 38.
    Octavio Paz, “Monólogo en forma de diálogo,” Plural 43 (April 1975): 79–80.Google Scholar
  25. 39.
    Octavio Paz, “El desierto político,” Plural 22 (July 1973): 38.Google Scholar
  26. 40.
    Carlos Salinas, “Tríptico de la dependencia: frustración, concesión y limitación en la visión,” Plural 38 (November 1974): 26–30.Google Scholar
  27. 41.
    Octavio Paz, “Hacia una política de población en México,” Plural 12 (September 1972): 29Google Scholar
  28. Octavio Paz, “Entre Herodes y la píldora,” Plural 31 (April 1974): 79–80Google Scholar
  29. Octavio Paz, “Ixtlilxóchitl yel control de la natalidad,” Plural 46 (July 1975): 79–80.Google Scholar
  30. 43.
    Mario Ojeda, “La política internacional,” Plural 22 (July 1973): 15.Google Scholar
  31. 44.
    I.F. Stone, “La traición de la psiquiatría,” Plural 6 (March 1972): 38.Google Scholar
  32. 45.
    Octavio Paz, “Polvo de aquellos lodos,” Plural 30 (March 1974): 18. Further references are in parentheses in the text.Google Scholar
  33. 46.
    Octavio Paz, “Gulag: entre Isaías y Job,” Plural 51 (December 1975): 74–77.Google Scholar
  34. 47.
    Mario Vargas Llosa, “Un franco tirador tranquilo,” Plural 39 (December 1974): 74. Further quotations are given in parentheses in the text.Google Scholar
  35. 48.
    Octavio Paz, “Los centuriones de Santiago,” Plural 25 (October 1973): 49. Further quotations are given in parentheses in the text.Google Scholar
  36. 49.
    Alejandro Rossi, “Manual del Distraído,” Plural 25 (October 1973): 52.Google Scholar
  37. 54.
    Octavio Paz, “El espejo indiscreto,” Plural 58 (July 1976): 74.Google Scholar
  38. 56.
    Octavio Paz, “Historia y prehistoria de Vuelta,” in Octavio Paz, Pasíón Crítica (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1985): 264.Google Scholar
  39. 58.
    Nadezda Mandelstam, “Mi testamento,” Plural 10 (July 1972): 16.Google Scholar
  40. 59.
    Joseph Brodsky, “Más allá del consuelo,” Plural 39 (December 1974): 20.Google Scholar
  41. 61.
    See, for example, Leszek Kolakowski, “Ambivalencia del dinero,” Plural 17 (February 1973): 3–7Google Scholar
  42. Leszek Kolakowski, “Georges Sorel: un marxismo jansenista,” Plural 44 (May 1975): 6–18.Google Scholar
  43. 62.
    See, for example, Pierre Klossowski’s article on “Sade y Fourier,” Plural 11 (August 1972): 29–34.Google Scholar

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© John King 2007

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  • John King

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