Discovering Islam

A Taproot of Tolerance
  • Aaron Tyler


Unlike its nineteenth- and twentieth-century fate in the West, religion for the dar al-Islam has not been secularized. It has not been relegated and confined to the private sphere. For the majority of Muslims, religion, like politics, is inherently public; it permeates all facets of life: moral, political, social, economic, and cultural. On an individual and collective level, religion and politics are inseparable—and, in many cases, so are Mosque and State. As Bernard Lewis has stated, historically, Islam was both God and Caesar. The history of Islam illustrates how, prior to its initial encounters with secularism in the eighteenth century, the entire Muslim world embraced the idea that “the state was God’s state, the army God’s army, … the enemy was God’s enemy,” and “the law was God’s law.”1 Religion was inextricably linked with the state.


Muslim World Muslim Brotherhood Muslim Society Islamic State Islamic Civilization 
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© Aaron Tyler 2008

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  • Aaron Tyler

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