Transnationalism of Networks in Bosnia and Herzegovina
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The social fabric of Bosnian society in the immediate post—Dayton Accord setting was fractured at multiple levels. Prewar interethnic divisions were compounded by new legacies of the war and large-scale population movements. Even in ethnically homogenous areas, there were substantial tensions among refugees, returnees, and locals. The scarcity of resources combined with the destruction of physical and institutional infrastructure, postwar resentments, and weak inter- and intraethnic ties within communities combined to create new fault lines and social divisions among groups, geographical areas, and issue areas, requiring rapid and targeted intervention (The World Bank 2002b). The complexity of the post-conflict Bosnian reality provided abundant rationale for both peace-building and institution-building applications of microfinance policies, with the varying levels of targeting that each approach prescribes, and with the correspondingly differing levels of emphasis on rapid peace dividends that each approach envisages. In contrast to the cases of Kosovo and Afghanistan, the divide between the two orientations of peace-building and institution-building policies was particularly prominent in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH).
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